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Day of the Righteous 2021

A year has passed since the first lockdown and the beginning of the health crisis, which affected our health, habits, the way we are with others and live together. Even the celebrations, such as those of the Day of the Righteous of humanity, have changed radically. The Gardens can no longer host students and citizens as in the past, the real space has moved into the virtual, but despite this, the Day continues to be an important date for reflecting on the values ​​of the Righteous and on the issues of the present time.

New Righteous at the Virtual Garden

The Association for the Garden of the Righteous of Milan (made up of the Municipality of Milan, Gariwo and UCEI) organizes the streaming ceremony for the delivery of the parchments dedicated to the eight new Righteous at the Virtual Garden of Milan Monte Stella on March 5 at 3 pm. The Virtual Garden is the space created in 2017 on to receive reports and testimonies from citizens on forgotten or unknown figures worthy of being remembered.

Saluting the Biden Administration decision to embrace rather than Codify the IHRA's definition of anti-Semitism as a law

We should feel comfortable using the IHRA definition of antisemitism as a tool where appropriate, but not push for it to be codified into foreign governmental laws in a way that will harm our commitment to liberal democracy, or undermine our efforts to form strong partnerships that benefit Israel and the Jewish people. Opinion by Nadav Tamir, former personal adviser of Shimon Peres

The Face of the Other

Most rescuers when asked what prompted them to respond positively to the call for help find it hard to come up with reasonable explanations. None quote statements by the world’s great philosophers, but simply state that it was the most natural thing for them to do, to help out a fleeing Jew, or the Jew’s entire family. By Mordecai Paldiel, lecturer, former director of Yad Vashem's Department of the Righteous

How Remembrance of the Shoah has changed the world

Raphael Lemkin’s Convention marked a new beginning: International Criminal Tribunals were set up to try criminals of Bosnia, Rwanda and Cambodia; the principle of humanitarian intervention (Responsibility to Protect) to come to the aid of threatened populations was affirmed; discussions started at the United Nations on an early warning system to inform the world when there are grounds for genocide. If all this is implemented, remembrance of the Shoah, a paradigmatic genocide of the 20th century, will impact on the whole world, which the Polish Jewish jurist aimed at achieving. By Gabriele Nissim, speech at the Commission of Foreign Affairs of the Italian Chamber of Deputies

Turkey, Osman Kavala rejects the accusations but remains in prison

In court, the activist called the charges absurd, devoid of concrete evidence and in stark contrast to his worldview and the goals of the civil society organizations he set up. He said the prolonged detention is not just a simple violation of rights, but a "continued cruel treatment". The next hearing in the trial will be on February 5, 2021.

The Memory of Good and the Future of the United States

Regardless of what form the future takes, it may be too much to hope that future individuals will be judged by their behaviour instead of their social category. However, I hope the future includes a “memory of good” in the sense of individuals making selfless acts of kindness toward other individuals.


The affectionate woman

Beatrice Murekatete is one of the Rwandans who out of compassion decided to take care of more than 10 children, orphans of the 1994 genocide committed against the Tutsi. "After Genocide committed against Tutsi I saw the orphans in my neighbourhood, I said to myself that may be it would add to the cost, but I had to do what it takes to help those children".

The younger brother

There was a mystery in my family, my uncle Ettore, Ettore Barzini, my father's brother, who died in Mauthausen. No one had ever told us about him, there was no photo, no trace, we didn't even know why he had been deported. So, as a boy, I had fantasized about him. Who was this uncle?

Josephine Nyankesha

Josephine Nyankesha is an old woman who was awarded a medal by Rwanda's first Lady, Jeannette Kagame in recognition of her extra-ordinary role in taking care and saving lives of several Tutsis who were the target during the 1994 genocide. She is one out of more than 3000 individuals who were awarded this trophy known as Malaika Murinzi'. She lives in Gikondo sector, Kigali City.

The Charters for responsibilities

Web reality. Tips for online awareness

To foster the development of personal awareness in conscious use of the Web and say no to the violence of words, Gariwo has proposed the Charter for social media, made up of suggestions to stay online in a conscious way.

Good competition. Tips for responsible sport

The behaviour of athletes, fans and even sports journalists can positively influence our society. Stories of virtuous actions in sport create a spirit of emulation in stadiums and sports fields.

The responsibility of a fragile planet

Gariwo wants to make his voice heard about the urgency of doing something to save the world we live in. This is why we have proposed the Charter for the environment, made up of reflections and virtuous practices to understand and deal with the climate emergency.

  • About us

    Gariwo is the acronym of Gardens of the Righteous Worldwide.

    We are a Non-Profit Organization based in Milan, with international coworkers.

    Since 1999 we have worked to make the people aware about the Righteous: we think that the memory of Good is a powerful educational tool and can help prevent cases of genocide and crimes against Humanity.

    This is why we create Gardens of the Righteous worldwide and use the communication means, social networks and public events to spread the message of responsibility. From the European Parliament we have obtained the establishment of the European Day of the Righteous - 6 March.

    Our activity is supported by institutions, schools, volunteers, an International Scientific Committee and our 'Ambassadors'.

  • ​The Gardens of the Righteous

    The Gardens are like open books that tell the Righteous’ stories.

    They are public spaces, places of memory, meeting and dialogue. Here it’s possible to organize initiatives for students and citizens, to keep alive the examples of the Righteous all the year round, not only by planting new trees.

    The Garden of Milan was born in 2003 at Monte Stella Park. The Association for the Garden of the Righteous - formed by Gariwo, Milan City Hall and UCEI - was created in 2008, and it takes care of the Garden activities.

    Every year, a lot of Gardens arise in cities and schools in Italy and all over the world.

    Our aim is to create a widespread network to connect everybody who believes in these topics.

  • European Day of the Righteous

    On 10 May 2012, the Parliament in Strasbourg approved Gariwo’s call establishing the European Day of the Righteous on 6 March - remembering the death of Moshe Bejski, the creator of the Avenue of the Righteous. On 7 December 2017 Italy became the first country to officially join the marking of that recurrence, with the law that establishes also at the national level a Day in memory of the Righteous of the humanity.  Starting from Yad Vashem, we have extended the meaning of the term “Righteous” including men and women who saved lives in all the genocides and defended human dignity during totalitarianisms.

    Every year we celebrate the example of the Righteous of past and of the present, to spread the values of responsibility, tolerance and solidarity.

  • The Charter of responsibilities 2017

    The Charter of responsibilities 2017 arises from the collective reflection proposed by Gariwo through the series of meetings The crisis of Europe and the Righteous of our time, held in cooperation with Teatro Franco Parenti - Accademia del Presente and under the patronage of Università degli Studi di Milano and the Corriere della Sera Foundation.

    The Charter, inspired by the experience of Charta ’77 and subscribed by important personalities from the world of culture and society, represents our ethical commitment for the memory of Good and the education to responsibility, to reaffirm the value of plurality, of peace and non violence, as opposed to the culture of hatred and enemy.


The Righteous 2021 at the Garden of Milan

In the Day of the Righteous we honoured at the Garden of the Righteous Worldwide of Milan Dag Hammarskjold, Carlo Urbani, Liu Xiaobo and Liu Xia, Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Click to discover the biographies, documentaries, photos, books and much more on the new exemplary figures!

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Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Passed away in 2020 at the age of 87, she has been a US Supreme Court Justice since 1993, the second woman in American history to hold that office and the first female member of the Jewish community to serve on the Court. Deeply convinced, as a woman and as a magistrate, of equality among human beings, she was a tenacious advocate of equality between men and women and made a great contribution to the affirmation of women's rights in the United States. Born in Brooklyn on March 15, 1933 to Jewish parents, she has always declared that her Jewish identity and the texts read during her training had inspired in her a sense of empathy for other minority groups.

Freedom of Expression in USA

the analysis

The impact of the Trump era on political correctness, freedom of expression and everything in between

editorial by Nadav Tamir, Peres Center's senior advisor for governmental and international affairs and former personal adviser of Shimon Peres for diplomatic affairs, 5 February 2021

In a democracy, freedom of expression is an essential value. Legislation limiting this freedom should be avoided as much as possible. However, demanding non-abusive discourse and self-restraint is completely justified. We must be mindful that words can be offensive and lead to discrimination, especially of minorities and vulnerable groups.