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“The Family of Genocides Represents a Universal Sickness of Mankind”
A conversation with Professor Israel Charny

 “The Family of Genocides Represents a Universal Sickness of Mankind”

Topical News

"In Afghanistan, we now face the risk of a new genocide"

In recent weeks, as US forces withdraw from Afghanistan, the Taliban has taken over dozens of districts across the country. "The Taliban had slaughtered children, even when they were in their mothers' bellies or in children's hospitals," journalist Basir Ahang says, "We have to say it loud and clear: they are a terrorist group and a threat to humanity. When the Taliban will seize power, a new genocide could occur".

26 years since the genocide of Srebrenica

On July 11, 1995, General Mladic's troops entered the town of Srebrenica and killed 8372 Muslim men and boys, later throwing them into mass graves. Twenty-six years later, Ratko Mladic has been sentenced to life imprisonment, the Mothers of Srebrenica are still looking for the truth, and a journalist, Kim Willsher, wanted to remember a woman who became a symbol of all that evil, Ferida Osmanovic, known as "The Hanging Woman".

Mass graves of children: from Canada to Lebanon

"Coming to terms with the past and documenting the truth of historical events is the first step towards raising a barrier against evil through prevention". Pietro Kuciukian, Honorary Consul of Armenia in Italy and co-founder of Gariwo, talks about the forced Turkification of thousands of Armenian children and the link between what happened to them and what indigenous children in Canadian residential schools suffered.

Ecocide could become the fifth international crime after the Genocide since the Nuremberg trial

Ecocide occurs in cases such as deforestation of the Amazon, the poaching of a protected species, or a large oil spill from a tanker. Ecocide might become the fifth international crime along with war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide, and the crime of aggression. Ecocide could also become the first new international crime to be recognized after the Nuremberg trial.

An Iranian Kurd is the hero of the attack in Würzburg

Armed with his backpack, Rabiei approached and confronted with extraordinary courage a murderer who was brandishing his knife at him. Following his example, many people began to encircle the assailant, eventually leading, again with Rabiei in the lead, the police to stop him. Commenting on his act – which earned him a personal mention from Bavarian Prime Minister Markus Söder – he told of how for him, a Kurd from Iran, it is normal to spend himself for others in situations of need or danger.

Warnings of Genocide in Ethiopia’s Tigray

Between November and December 2020, a civil war took place in Tigray, a region in Northern Ethiopia, involving the Ethiopian army, backed by Eritrean troops, and the Tigray’s People Liberation Front (TPLF). The war officially ended in December but the conflict kept escalating and ravaging the Tigray region, with millions of people displaced and suffering mass starvation. Ethiopian and Eritrean troops have been accused of ethnic cleansing, massacres, and war crimes in Tigray. Some discuss the crisis in terms of genocide.

The Righteous and the prevention of genocides. Gariwo’s new challenge in the world

Through the narration of the Righteous, we want to teach society to prevent genocide and all forms of hatred that create the conditions for exclusion and dehumanization. The Righteous are a tremendous ethical example, which is able to foster a mechanism of emulation in society. They inspire us with individual behaviors that allow us to prevent genocides. They make us understand that everyone, in his personal space, can contribute to extinguishing the signs of hatred that can lead the world in a bad direction.


UEFA EURO 2020: a public event on Women’s Rights at the Garden of the Righteous Worldwide in Milan

Yesterday, Gariwo organized a public event at the Garden of the Righteous Worldwide, in Milan, on the occasion of today’s opening match of the UEFA EURO 2020 Championships in Rome’s Stadio Olimpico, featuring Italy vs Turkey. The event followed Gariwo’s appeal to have the match refereed by a female referee, possibly assisted by an all-female team. The appeal sparked from Turkey's withdrawal from the Istanbul Convention against gender-based and domestic violence in March 2021.

Charter for sport

Good competition. Tips for responsible sport. is a document of intentions. We created it to spread awareness on the importance of sport's fundamental values, which can contribute to improve the life of society as a whole. 


Sadia Hussein

Sadia Hussein, from Kenya, underwent FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) at 10. At 21, she painfully gave birth to her first daughter and decided she’d never have to go through the same hell. Her daughter was the first of many girls that she saved from the knife. Today, Sadia Hussein, aged 34, is one of Kenya’s most powerful advocates for the eradication of FGM (Female Genital Mutilation). She is building a mass movement and undertaking the difficult task of eradicating a collective and deeply ingrained social practice.

Karl Jaspers

No one, under the guise of reconstruction and the suffering endured by the Germans, seemed interested in reflecting on their own individual and national responsibility for the Holocaust. Well then, less than a year after the end of the war, one of the greatest German philosophers of the twentieth century gave to the press a book destined to make history: ‘The Question of Guilt’

Willy Brandt

It was December 7, 1970, when West German Chancellor Willy Brandt, on a visit to Warsaw, knelt in front of the monument dedicated to the Warsaw Ghetto resistance. Brandt’s gesture well sums up the parable of an entire life dedicated to opposing all forms of violence, hatred, and antisemitism, promoting at many levels – national and international – reconciliation, equality, and peace.

The Charters for responsibilities

Web reality. Tips for online awareness

To foster the development of personal awareness in conscious use of the Web and say no to the violence of words, Gariwo has proposed the Charter for social media, made up of suggestions to stay online in a conscious way.

The responsibility of a fragile planet

Gariwo wants to make his voice heard about the urgency of doing something to save the world we live in. This is why we have proposed the Charter for the environment, made up of reflections and virtuous practices to understand and deal with the climate emergency.

Charter of Remembrance

Remembrance has been extremely educational in that it has made us understand how genocides were not an extra-historical catastrophe, but rather happened due to the responsibility of human beings. This happened on a battlefield where there were executioners, accomplices, indifferent, resistant, spectators, Righteous individuals and all the intermediate nuances which, as Primo Levi knew and described to us, are very numerous.

  • About us

    Gariwo is the acronym of Gardens of the Righteous Worldwide.

    We are a Non-Profit Organization based in Milan, with international coworkers.

    Since 1999 we have worked to make the people aware about the Righteous: we think that the memory of Good is a powerful educational tool and can help prevent cases of genocide and crimes against Humanity.

    This is why we create Gardens of the Righteous worldwide and use the communication means, social networks and public events to spread the message of responsibility. From the European Parliament we have obtained the establishment of the European Day of the Righteous - 6 March.

    Our activity is supported by institutions, schools, volunteers, an International Scientific Committee and our 'Ambassadors'.

  • ​The Gardens of the Righteous

    The Gardens are like open books that tell the Righteous’ stories.

    They are public spaces, places of memory, meeting and dialogue. Here it’s possible to organize initiatives for students and citizens, to keep alive the examples of the Righteous all the year round, not only by planting new trees.

    The Garden of Milan was born in 2003 at Monte Stella Park. The Association for the Garden of the Righteous - formed by Gariwo, Milan City Hall and UCEI - was created in 2008, and it takes care of the Garden activities.

    Every year, a lot of Gardens arise in cities and schools in Italy and all over the world.

    Our aim is to create a widespread network to connect everybody who believes in these topics.

  • European Day of the Righteous

    On 10 May 2012, the Parliament in Strasbourg approved Gariwo’s call establishing the European Day of the Righteous on 6 March - remembering the death of Moshe Bejski, the creator of the Avenue of the Righteous. On 7 December 2017 Italy became the first country to officially join the marking of that recurrence, with the law that establishes also at the national level a Day in memory of the Righteous of the humanity.  Starting from Yad Vashem, we have extended the meaning of the term “Righteous” including men and women who saved lives in all the genocides and defended human dignity during totalitarianisms.

    Every year we celebrate the example of the Righteous of past and of the present, to spread the values of responsibility, tolerance and solidarity.

  • The Charter of responsibilities 2017

    The Charter of responsibilities 2017 arises from the collective reflection proposed by Gariwo through the series of meetings The crisis of Europe and the Righteous of our time, held in cooperation with Teatro Franco Parenti - Accademia del Presente and under the patronage of Università degli Studi di Milano and the Corriere della Sera Foundation.

    The Charter, inspired by the experience of Charta ’77 and subscribed by important personalities from the world of culture and society, represents our ethical commitment for the memory of Good and the education to responsibility, to reaffirm the value of plurality, of peace and non violence, as opposed to the culture of hatred and enemy.


Gabriele Nissim awarded with the title of Commendatore al Merito della Repubblica Italiana

On June 26, 2021, the Prefect of Milan Renato Saccone, representing the President of the Republic, officially awarded our President Gabriele Nissim the title of Commendatore al Merito della Repubblica Italiana. The ceremony took place at the "Giuseppe Verdi" Conservatory of Music in Milan.

Book Review

The Holocaust and the Nakba. A New Grammar of Trauma and History

Edited by associate professors Bashir Bashir and Amos Goldberg, from Open University and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem respectively, The Holocaust and the Nakba: A New Grammar of Trauma and History (Columbia University Press, 2018) is a collection of 15 essays exploring the relationship between the Holocaust and the Nakba. Most of the essays in this book, which contains a foreword by the Lebanese novelist Elias Khoury, are by either Jewish or Palestinian thinkers. Comparing the Holocaust and the Nakba is unimaginable to many. The Holocaust and the Nakba: A New Grammar of Trauma and History is an attempt to sew up this wound, promoting reconciliation and a shared narrative of the past.

Milan's Garden

Gariwo’s Ambassadors and Collaborators at the Garden of the Righteous Worldwide in Milan

Yesterday, at the Garden of the Righteous Worldwide in Milan, the annual assembly with Gariwo’s ambassadors and collaborators took place. As usual, the assembly focused on Gariwo’s work in the past year and on its future aims and objectives. Gariwo’s work, which builds on a strong educational mission through the figures of the Righteous, is increasingly concerned with the theme of genocide prevention.

The UN for the Righteous