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Gariwo Scientific Committee and Ambassadors

the intellectuals committed to the Righteous subject

Gariwo, the Gardens of the Righteous has been committed for over 10 years to increase the interest in the Righteous subject by stimulating the historical research and the theoretical in-depth studies relating to the history of the Twentieth century and the genocides still being perpetrated in the world, and by promoting the creation of Gardens of the Righteous.

We introduce you to the members of our Scientific Committee and "ambassadors" who through their work help stimulate and enrich the debate on the Righteous by identifying deepening tools, offering reflections, and suggesting significant figures, also not very well known, which we can develop our research and popularization activity on. 


Avraham Burg
Israeli politician and essayist. President emeritus of the Knesset, he has been the President of the Jewish Agency and the World's Zionist Movement as well as the Vicepresident of the World's Jewish Congress and among the founders of the pacifist movement Peace Now. He has written many articles and books including Defeating Hitler.

Francesco M. Cataluccio
Essayist and writer, he studied philosophy and literature in Florence and Warsaw. Since 1989 he has worked in publishing, directing the Addison and then the Bollati Basic Books. Today he takes care of the cultural programs of the "Milanese Refrigerators".

Luca Degani
Lawyer, professor of "Law of the public administrations and the non-profit organizations" and of "Social law and legislation", he wrote many books and articles on the non-profit organizations and social policies. He is the Director General of the "Sacra Famiglia" (Sacred Family) Foundation. He has been a consultant to the UNEBA and a member of the board of directors of the "Caritas" Foundation for 10 years.

Adriano Dell'Asta
Professor of Russian language and literature at the Università Cattolica of Brescia and Milan. Vicepresident of the Fondazione Russia Cristiana (Christian Russia Foundation), he is a member of the International Scientific Committee of the magazine «La Nuova Europa». He is a member of the Committee of Consultants of the international theological review "Communio" and of the magazine of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, "Humanitas". In his research activity he particularly deepened some core issues of the Russian culture in the  XIX and XX Centuries.

Anna Foa
Historian and professor at the University La Sapienza of Rome. She is specialized in history of culture, history of mentality and Jewish history. She was a "visiting professor" in several American universities (University of Michigan, University of Washington, Smith College - Massachusetts) and currently  she teaches in the Religious Studies at the American University of Rome.

Marcello Flores
Italian historian, renown academic of genocide, he is a professor at the University of Siena and Director of the European Master in "Human Rights and Genocide Studies". He is best known thanks to the work of the scientific-editorial board, named "History of the Holocaust. The crisis of Europe, the extermination of the Jews and the memory of the twentieth century".

Konstanty Gebert
Journalist and Jewish activist from Poland, he is one of the most important war reporters of various Polish dailies. In 1978 he was one of the main organizers of the so-called Flying university, a secret high education institution teaching the people on various subjects forbidden by the Polish Communist regime. In 1980 he joined the Solidarność Union. In 1989 he was one of the journalists accredited to the Polish Roundtable. Since 1990 he has been a member of the Polish Christian-Jewish Council. Since 1992 he has worked for "Gazeta Wyborcza", one of the greatest and more significant Polish dailies. For this newspaper he has been a correspondent during the war in Yugoslavia. In 1992 and 1993 he was also a consultant to Tadeusz Mazowiecki, the first Polish Head of government after the fall of the Wall and Special rapporteur of the UN Human Rights Commission for former Yugoslavia. In 1997 he also ran the Jewish-Polish monthly “Midrasz”.

Agnes Grunwald-Spier
Holocaust survivor, author of The other Schindlers, Trustee of the Holocaust Memorial Day Board of the United Kingdom

Raymond Kevorkian
French historian of Armenian descent, he is Project Manager at the Université Paris VIII, Saint-Denis, Institut Francais de Géopolitique, and Managing Director of the Nubar UGAB library in Paris. He recently published the following essays: Le Génocide des Arméniens, Paris Odile Jacob 2006; L’opposition de fonctionnaires ottomans au génocide des Armeniens. Approche comparéè des villes turques, in Jacques Sémelin, Actes du colloque de l’Istitut de Sciences Politique, Paris Les Presses des Editions de Sciences PO, 2008, and he compiled the entry “Le Genocide des Arméniens” of the Encyclopédie Universalis, 2006.

Arrigo Levi
Personal advisor to the President of the Italian Republic, journalist and writer. He was jailed during Peron's dictatorship in Argentina in  1945. He has been an editorialist of the "Corriere della Sera", director of "La Stamp"a, columnist of "Newsweek" and "The Times". He authored numerous tv programmes for Rai and Canale 5. He has written many essays among which Il comunismo da Budapest a Praga (Communism from Budapest to Prague), 1969, Russia del Novecento - Una storia europea (Twentieth Century Russia - a European story), 1999 , Da Livorno al Quirinale(From Livorno to the Quirinale palace), 2010.

Gerard Malkassian
Philosophy' professor in the "preparatory classes at the Ecole Normale Supérieure", invited lecturer of Yerevan State University (Armenia). In Paris, he organizes the "Conférences du Salon de Littérature arménienne", public meetings dedicated to the Armenian literature. He writes for the monthly magazine Nouvelles d'Arménie Magazine. Gerard also published with Ellipses: Introduction à la Moral Philosophy (2002) and Le Candide de Voltaire: a Débat philosophique (2005).

Salvatore Natoli
Professor of Theoretic Philosophy at the Università degli Studi di Milano - Bicocca, he recently dealt with the relationship between language and ethics. He has taught Logics at the faculty of Literature and Philosophy of the University of Venice and Philosophy of Politics at the Faculty of Political Science at the Università degli Studi di Milano. He has worked with many magaszines, including"Prospettive Settanta", "Il centauro", "Democrazia e diritto", "Religione e società", "Bailamme" e "Metaxù".

Riccardo Noury
Spokesperson of Amnesty International Italia, the Italian branch of the NGO devoted to Human Rights, to which he has belonged since 1980. He authored and curated books about violations of human rights, particularly about death penalty and torture, like Non sopportiamo la tortura (Rizzoli Libri Illustrati, 2001), Poesie da Guantánamo (Edizioni Gruppo Abele, 2007), Unerrorecapitale (Edizioni Cultura della Pace, 1999). He wrote with Luca Leone Srebrenica. La Giustizia negata (Infinito Edizioni, 2015). Blogger for Il Corriere della Sera, Il Fatto Quotidiano and Articolo21.

Martin Palous
Ambassador, standing representative of the Czech Republic to the United Nations since July 2006, from 2001 to 2005 he was the Ambassador of the Czech Republic to the United States. He entered the Foreign Office of Czechoslowakya as an advisor of Minister Dienstbier and he was Foreign Minister from October 1990 to October 1992. After the splitting of Slowakya, he took on the same role of Foreign Minister for the Czech Republic in October 1998. He has taught in many American universities and at the Charles University in Prague. In 1993 he joined the Center for Threoretical Studies, a research center which depends jointly from the Charles University and the Czech Academy of Sciences, whose President is Ivan M. Havel.

Vittorio Emanuele Parsi
Full professor of International Relations at the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore. He is a member of the Group of Strategic Reflection of the Foreign Ministry, he is a partner of the Society for the Study of the Spreading of Democracy (Società per lo Studio della Diffusione della Democrazia, SSDD) and the President of the scientific committee of the foundation “Il Vicino Oriente” (the near East). For nine years he has run the Master in Markets and Institutions of the Global System with the Alta Scuola di Economia e Relazioni Internazionali (ASERI) and since 2005 he has been the Program director of the Master in Economics and International Policies (a joint venture between ASERI and USI).
He is a member of the LSE IDEAS Advisory Board (Center for Diplomacy and Strategy at the London School of Economics). Since 2008 he has been an editorialist of the daily newspaper "La Stampa" and from 1999 to 2008 he has been a leading writer of International Politics of the daily "Avvenire".

Liliana Picciotto
In charge of research with the CDEC Foundation (Centre of Contemporary Jewish Documentation, Centro di Documentazione Ebraica Contemporanea). She wrote several books including I Giusti d’Italia. I non ebrei che salvarono gli ebrei 1943-1945 on the Italian Righteous among the nations and she co-authored the movie Memoria, a collection of interviews to the last survivors of the Auschwitz extermination camp. She is a member of the scientific committee of the Fondazione Fossoli, of that of the Jewish Museum of Bologna and of the editing committee of the magazine "La Rassegna Mensile di Israel".

Robert Satloff
American writer of Jewish descent, he is the executive director of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP) and an expert of Arab and Islamic politics and of US policies towards the Middle East. In 2007 he published Among the Righteous. Lost stories from the Holocaust's Long Reach into Arab Lands. In particular he deals with American politics, diplomacy, the peace process and democratization in the Middle East. The author and editor of nine among books and essays, his opinions on Middle East often appear in the main American newspapers including the "New York Times", "Wall Street Journal", "Washington Post" and "Los Angeles Times."

Baruch Tenembaum 
Founder of the International Wallenberg Foundation, in the Sixties he was a pioneer of interreligious dialogue among Christians, Jews and Muslims. He was a promoter of the first visit of a Pope to Jerusalem and this is why in 1965 he was invited to the Vatican and welcome by Paul VI. For the same reason the Primate of Argentina awarded him with the Argentinian Church Prize, which was bestowed on a Jew for the first time in the country.

Umberto Veronesi (1925 - 2016)
Surgeon and politician, he is the director of the European Institute of Oncology. He was Minister of Health in 2000 and he became the president of the Italy–USA Foundation Scientific Commettee in 2010.


Gabriele Albertini
Mayor of Milan from 1997 to 2006, he has been elected to the European Parliament in 2004. He has been a member of several European committees and Vice-president of the European Parliament delegation for the relations with NATO. Reelected MEP in 2009, he has been Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Commission in the European Parliament. He has also been the first signatory of the Written Declaration no. 3/2012, establishing the European Day of the Righteous. Senator of the Republic since 2013, he is the first signatory to the Senate of the Bill for a Day in Memory of the Righteousness of Humanity.

Emilio Barbarani
Ex-Ambassador to Santiago de Chile in the 70's, he helped Tomaso de Vergottini to allow the escape of 750 supporters of the Allende government.

Lamberto Bertolé

currently President of the Milan City Council, Lamberto Bertolé has been working as a social worker since 1998 and since 2005 as a high school teacher, founder in 2003 of the Arimo Social Cooperative. The commitment in the social and in the school is intertwined with the political one, particularly in the field of social and educational policies, deepening the issues of public direction, community welfare, the enforceability of rights and prevention. Various positions as Area Counselor and to the Municipality of Milan between 1999 and 2011. He held the position of chairman of the House, State Property and Public Works commission and of president of the Prison Subcommittee from 2014 to February 2015.

Olivier Brochet
He is the General Consul of France in Milan since August 27, 2014. In previous years he has held the positions of First Counsellor at the French Embassy in Ethiopia and the African Union, Counsellor for Cooperation and director of the French Institute of Zagreb (Croatia).

Oscar Buonamano

Journalist, he is Editorial Director of Carsa Edizioni, which publishes volumes of art and architecture and tourist guides. As part of his journalistic activity, he has a blog on L'espresso, Culture Metropolitane (Metropolitan Cultures), he is the Director responsible for the online magazine Pagina and for I quaderni dell’Orsa. Editor of the European cultural festival Lector in fabula, he has create and directs the Literary festival "Conversations in Pescara. Society, language, literature". He is currently Vice-President of the Order of Journalists of Abruzzo.

Dario Carella
Rai journalist, he is the curator of RegionEuropa, the news weekly european program which describes the relation between local Italian territories, their institutions and European institutions - European Parliament, Commission and the regional Committee.

Raimondo De Cadorna
Born in Saint Louis (USA) in 1957, he has a degree in political science at the University of Rome. In 1988 he began his diplomatic career working at the Italian Embassy in Kinshasa (DRC). In 1992 he was appointed Italian Consul in Brisbane (Australia) and in 1995 he served as regent of the Consulate General in Mumbai (India). In 1998 he was placed at the head of the administrative office of the Directorate General Emigration and Social Affairs; two years later he was appointed counselor at the Italian Embassy in Belgrade. Today he was the Italian ambassador in Tunis.

Antonio Ferrari
Journalist, editorialist, and special correspondent of the "Corriere della Sera", he has been committed for 26 years to cover the Middle East by following the Israeli-Palestinian issue, the wars in Iraq, the difficult balances in Lebanon, Syria and Jordan. He wrote several books including "Sami, una storia libanese, Islam sì, Islam no. Le colpe dei musulmani e le nostre" and he edited the book "Ebrei di Salonicco - 1943" with Jannis Chrisafis and Alessandra Coppola.

Hafez Haidar
Writer, poet and professor at the University of Pavia, Lebanese but with italian citizen. In 1986 he chose to leave the diplomatic career and devote all his activities to teaching and writing, with the purpose of build a bridge of dialougue between Italy and Middle East.

Maryan Ismail
Cultural mediator and professor of immigration's antropology, she is an italian and somali citizen. Maryan is an exponent of Sufi Islam, one of the most moderate expresions.

Viviana Kasam
Journalist, in 2010 she created, under the aegis of the Nobel Prize Rita Levi Montalcini, the Association BrainCircle Italy, of which she is president. Named as Knight of the Italian Republic for business merits, she is currently working with the Sole24ore, Corriere of Ticino, Pagine Ebraiche and the website Moked.

Gaetano Liguori
He graduated in piano and electronic composition at the Conservatory "Giuseppe Verdi" in Milan. Gaetano composes soundtracks for theater, film, radio and ballet. In 2012 he composed the music for Oratorio "The senseless goodness" on the texts written by Gabriele Nissim and in 2015 he released his CD "A piano for the Righteous", Bull Records, produced by Gariwo.

Cristina Miedico
Archaeologist and currently director and curator of the Civic Archaeological Museum of Angera (VA), she commemorated Khaled al Asaad during the inauguration of the Tunis Garden, on 15th July 2016.

Mordecai Paldiel
Israeli, was the director of the Righteous Department at Yad Vashem (the Holocaust Memorial of Jerusalem), he now teaches at the Yeshiva College (with the Yeshiva University) and Drew University. He has long worked with Moshe Bejski who had ran Yad Vashem's Righteous Department for 30 years before him. He wrote several books including The Path of the Righteous: Gentile Rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust, Whosoever Saves One Life: The Uniqueness of the Righteous Among the Nations, Sheltering the Jews: Stories of Holocaust Rescuers and German Rescuers of Jews: Individuals versus the System. He has recently taken a stance in the international debate on the impossibility for the Jews to receive the title of "Righteous among the nations". He is a Board Member of the Sousa Mendes Foundation. 

Craig Palmer 
Earned his PhD in cultural anthropology from Arizona State University in 1988 and taught at universities in Missouri and Colorado. His research on how inspirational portrayals of the Righteous Among the Nations in museums around the world can lead to evidence-based social change has been funded by the Binah Yitzrit Foundation of Austin, Texas. 

Giuliano Pisapia
Graduated in Political Science and Law, he has been a criminal lawyer, a deputy for two legislatures from 1996 to 2006, president of the Chamber's justice commission, then the prison commission and finally of the commission for the reform of the penal code at the Ministry of Justice. From 2011 to 2016 he has been mayor of Milan. He has written several books, including In attesa di giustizia. Dialogo sulle riforme possibili (with Carlo Nordio, 2010), Cambiare Milano si può (2011) and Due arcobaleni nel cielo di Milano (with Stefano Rolando, 2011).

Don Gino Rigoldi
Chaplain of the under-age criminal institute Cesare Beccaria and president of Comunità Nuova, he conducts a strong communication activity on radio and television broadcasts, about subjects that ranging from spirituality to addiction, from immigration to poverty. He has received the award as meritorious citizen of the City of Milan, the Knight of the Republic and in 1999 he recived the Ambrogino d'Oro

Andrée Ruth Shammah
Producer, top exponent of Milan's cultural stage, in 1972, with actor Franco Parenti, Andrée Ruth Shammah founded the Salone Pier Lombardo (nowadays called Teatro Franco Parenti) in Milan, of which she's been the Project Manager since 1989. The inventress of the "International Festival of Jewish Literature", she signed more than fifty productions and she is personally committed to the development of the town, by reviving its cultural panorama.

Milena Santerini
Member of the group Per l'Italia, professor at the Cattolica University of Milan, president of the Parliamentary Alliance against intollerance and racism of the Europe Council, she takes care of  school's problems, family and social cohesion. She is working for the rights of children and for the inclusion of foreigners.

Rita Sidoli
University professor, member of the Centro di Solidarietà Internazionale - Cattolica University, she recommends some tools for the Shoa teaching: in 2000 she wrote Memoria della Shoà e coscienza della scuola.

Massimiliano Speziani
Massimiliano studied at Marinelli and after the high school diploma he graduated at Paolo Grassi in Milan, as professional actor. He staged the show named Il Memorioso, taken form the book written by Gabriele Nissim, and under the direction of Paola Bigatto.

Nadav Tamir
Senior Advisor for Governmental and International Affairs at the Israeli Peres Center for Peace and a board member of Mitvim, the Israeli Institute for Regional Foreign Policies. He was a policy adviser to President Shimon Peres, served at the Israeli Embassy in Washington and as Consul General to New England and Boston. He is a member of the Geneva Initiative Steering Committee and chair of the Wexner Israel Alumni Association.

Sergio Vicario
With a degree in Economics, he was a MS militant, and today he is a specialist in communications and public relations. Sergio is the CEO of the press office Metafora.

Simone Zoppellaro
Journalist, he spent six years working in Iran and Armenia, with frequent tralvels in other countries of that area. He writes about Caucasus and Middle East, but also about Germany - where he now lives - on several newspapers, like ManifestoLa Stampa, Il Giornale, and on the online magazine of Treccani. He wrote the books Armenia oggi (Armenia Today) and Il genocidio degli yazidi (The Yazidi Genocide), published by Guerini e Associati in 2016 and in 2017.

Gariwo, the gardens of the Righteous

a non-profit organization in the service of memory

Gariwo's aim is to heighten awareness and interest in the figures and the tales of the Righteous, women and men who fought and are still fighting in defense of human dignity. 
It has been active since 1999 but it was officially set up in 2001 as Gardens of the Righteous Worldwide Committee-Gariwo and in 2009 it became a non-profit organization. It is chaired by Gabriele Nissim.

In 2003 was born the Garden of the Righteous worldwide at Monte Stella Hill in Milan, which since 2008 is run by the Association for the Garden of the Righteous - formed by Gariwo, the Municipality of Milan and the Union of Italian Jewish Communities.

In 2012, after Gariwo's call, the European Parliament established the European Day of the Righteous - 6 March. In 2017 Italy has been the first country to recognize this recurrence as a civil feast, establishing the Day of the Righteous of the Humanity.

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