The Uyghurs are a Turkish-speaking Muslim minority living in the northwest of China, mainly in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region, along with the Han Chinese.

A 2018 United Nations report estimates that more than one million Uyghurs are currently locked up in what the Chinese government calls "professional training centers", which are actually places of detention, repression and forced labor, aimed at distorting the religious and cultural identity of the Islamic minority, under the pretext of the fight against terrorism.

The European Parliament, which had already condemned the mass internment of the Uyghurs, declared in June 2020 that "we could be in front of a genocide". This section collects news and reflections on this persecution.