The cultural and political battle we are fighting in Germany for the safety of our fellow Jewish citizens is the same that is opposing islamophobia and racism. It is a major challenge for mutual respect and civil coexistence. For this, everyone’s commitment is needed. For this, those words projected on the Brandenburg Gate on November 9 – eighty-five years after the Night of Broken Glass – are nothing but the thin line separating German democracy from its failure: “Never again is now”. Now, it is time to choose your side.
As expected, the media curtain has fallen on the South Caucasus. Soon forgotten is the ethnic cleansing of Karabakh Armenians. Saving these small islands in an ocean of autocracies is no longer just a moral question. It is a question of survival for the future of democracy in the post-Soviet space and, in perspective, in the heart of Europe itself. Because, if we are unable to reverse the trend of threats and pressures mounting from the continent's borders, soon – the danger is this – the curtain will fall on us.
Following the attack perpetrated by Hamas on October 7, 2023, footage of torture, abuse and executions immediately flooded the net accompanied by fake videos – often artfully extrapolated from other conflicts – to feed a disinformation machine capable of exploiting the wide meshes left open by X, TikTok and Telegram. A mixture of the most brutal reality and artifice that is utterly alienating, and that risks leaving indelible traces. This is a usage of social media that has already occurred in other contexts of war or genocide, such as in the case of Karabakh or the Yazidis. A devastating weapon that no one has yet figured out how to defend against. Because the risk, in this age marked by victimization, removal of memory and hatred, is to see ourselves transformed into our borders, into our specters.
It took only a handful of days to empty Karabakh of its indigenous Armenian population, whose millennial presence, always a majority, has now come to an end. A few thousand deaths estimated, over a hundred thousand terrified persons who fled and have already taken refuge in Armenia. An ethnic cleansing that continues the work of wiping out the Armenian presence begun over a hundred years ago by the Young Turks in the Ottoman Empire. From Sarajevo to Tbilisi, from Kyiv to Stepanakert, European diplomacy over the past three decades and more has demonstrated its entire inability to prevent and manage conflicts within its borders. Saving little Armenia is no longer just a matter of altruism, nor of historical justice, for a genocide denied for almost a century. It is a European security priority, a defense against the overweening power of dictatorships, which now trample and flout law and democracy by making a mockery of any residual humanity.
Iraqi Yazidi, together with his wife created a massive rescue network, saving many hundreds of Yazidi girls and women from ISIS enslavement
German philosopher who refused to bend to the Nazi regime and laid the foundations of the elaboration of the Shoah's responsibilities