Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous

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The courage of music

Toscanini honoured as Righteous in Rome

A detail of the concert's flyer

A detail of the concert's flyer

On 22 January at noon, in Rome, at Parco Auditorium della Musica - Santa Cecilia, within the commemorations for Holocaust Memorial Day, a tree will planted in honour of Arturo Toscanini, the great Italian musician who directed for the first time an entirely Jewish orchestra in Palestine, formed by artists whom he personally had helped flee Europe as it had fallen prey of Nazifascism. 

In the special tribute that the city of Rome, the Jewish community and important cultural institutions including the Ministry of Culture run by Dario Franceschini, will pay to the Maestro, also Gariwo chairman Gabriele Nissim will take part.

The Milanese writer said: "It is of Moshe Bejski that I thought, when I reflected on Arturo Toscanini’s behaviour towards the Jews – events that are eventually brought back into the spotlight by the concert that will be dedicated to him on Holocaust Memorial Day. Toscanini, a staunch anti-fascist, had no power to stop fascism and the anti-semitic laws and for how disgusted he had to move to the United States, but he put all his fame and prestige at the disposal of Bronislaw Huberman’s project to create an orchestra in Palestine, thus taking a hundred Jewish musicians into safety. That orchestra was the symbol of moral resistance against Nazism. This is why Toscanini wanted to direct it on 26 and 27 December 1936 in Tel Aviv..

Someone could argue that Toscanini did not risk his own life to help the Jewish musicians and his deed cannot be compared to that of Schindler or Perlasca, but Moshe Bejski strove for all his life to teach people that the Righteous men are no heroes or saints called to self-sacrifice, but rather and more simply, they are people who respond to indifference and take on responsibility for the persecuted in the gloomiest times of the history of humanity."

On 27 January Arturo Toscanini will be also honoured by the great concert conducted by Yoel Levi that comprises, so reads the press release of the Accademia di Santa Cecilia, “the very bulky programme executed by the debuting Orchestra of Palestine on the evening of 26 December 1936, under the conduction of the Maestro. Here it is: Symphony from La scala di seta by G. Rossini; Symphony n.2, op. 73 byJ. Brahms; Symphony n. 8 Incompiuta  by F. Schubert; Notturno and Scherzo from Einem Sommernachtstraum by F. Mendelssohn; Ouverture from Oberon by C.M. von Weber”.

The event will be held under the high patronage of the Presidency of the Italian republic and the patronage of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers. The concert, with free admission, will start at 8.30 p.m. and will be broadcast by Rai 5.

International Holocaust Remembrance Day was established by the United Nations in 2005 on the sixtieth anniversary of the end of World War II: the choice fell on the date of 27 January because on that day, in 1945, the Red Army had entered the Nazi lager of Auschwitz. “Strangely”, it was made clear by the Accademia di S. Cecilia, “27 January is an important date also in the annals of music because on that day in 1756 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born and in 1901 Giuseppe Verdi died".

13 January 2016

Civil courage

the strength of human dignity

Genocide cases and extreme circumstances of human rights violations, persecutions and deprivation of freedom have occurred all over the world. Those who find the courage to oppose, safeguard their own moral integrity, assessing the duty of truth, reporting the crimes against humanity and struggling to defend the founding value of civil coexistence can be defined as Righteous peopleJournalists like Sihem Bensedrine in Tunisia and writers like Gao Xingjian in China, diplomats like Enrico Calamai in Argentina and artists like Sunila Abeysekera in Sri Lanka, students like Bo Kyi in Burma and (union) activists or politicians like Maria Elena Moyano in Peru, Guillermo Chen in Guatemala, Fannie Lou Hamer in the USA, scientists, lawyers, doctors, intellectuals like Vassili Nesterenko in Belarus, Sylvie Maunga Mbanga in Congo, Halima Bashir in Darfur, Hashem Aghajari in Iran. Not to forget the prominent female figures advocating the rights of women trampled on in many world areas, like Betty Makoni in Zimbawe, Hawa Aden Mohamed in Somalia,  Khalida Toumi Messaoudi in Algeria,  Lydia Chaco in Mexico.
As well as the best-known advocates of human and civil rights like Nelson Mandela in South Africa, Aung San Suu Kyi in Burma, Anna Politkovskaja in Russia, Orhan Pamuk in Turkey, Natasha Kandic in Serbia and Svetlana Broz in Bosnia, Ayaan Hirsi Ali from Somalia, the mothers of Plaza de Mayo in Argentina.