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The War in Syria Through a Child’s Eyes

The violence continues to terrify the refugees

Bombs on the University of Damascus killed more that 20 students. This latest episode of the Syrian conflict shows how the idea of keeping violence away from the main institutions of the country is completely removed and ignored in reality. The war has reached the capital Damascus, which is affected in the same way as other Syrian cities.

In this climate, the resignation of the head of the rebels and mutual accusations between the regime and the opposition weaken the possibility - increasingly remote - of a civil society in the country.

The continuing violence adds the refugee problem: more than three million Syrians are displaced in their own country, and almost as many are refugees in neighboring states. The refugee camps have poor hygienic and humanitarian conditions, and there are several cases of protests of displaced people. The last one took place on a Turkish territory, on the border with Jordan, causing the death of a child in a burning tent. UNHCR - United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees - has started an investigation against Turkey, which is  accused of forcing six refugees, involved in the riots, to leave the field and return to Syria.

The dramatic situation in Syria is demonstrated in a video by the British broadcaster Channel 4, which witnessed the conflict through the eyes of Mohamed Asaf, a child who works in a medical clinic in Aleppo.

1 April 2013

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Crimes of genocide and against the humankind

the denial of the individual's value

The first legal definition in the domain of mass persecution dates back to 1915 and concerns the massacres of the Armenian populations perpetrated by the Turks, which were followed by the trials of the perpetrators before the Martial Court. In the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 the Great Powers use the terms "crimes against civilization" and "crimes of lèse-humanity". In the aftermath of Second World War, face the Holocaust tragedy, the Military Tribunal of the Nurnberger Trials against Nazi officials started the proceeding by stating the crimes on which it was competent... On 9 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved the Convention for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide, which is considered as the most heinous crime against Humanity. 

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