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Sudan, secession wins with 98,83%

but worries about Darfur remain in place

The official results of the referendum have been proclaimed and they sanction the secession of Southern Sudan. Nearly 99% of the inhabitants opted for independence. The Khartoum government reveals it approves of the decision and will try to easen the existing controversies with the new State.

There are some significant problems such as the dividing up of oil and some open border arguments. Negotiations between the two capitals, Khartoum and Juba, are not always peaceful. In the past weekend the clashes between the warlords caused 50 deaths. Moreover it is still uncertain who will lead South-Sudan.

The symbol of this region's torment though is Darfur, still under Khartoum's heel. In the last month the clashes led to 40,000 more displaced people. Analysts fear that Sudan will have the wartorn region hit by the militiamen's violence pay the price of South-Sudan's independence.

8 February 2011

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Crimes of genocide and against the humankind

the denial of the individual's value

The first legal definition in the domain of mass persecution dates back to 1915 and concerns the massacres of the Armenian populations perpetrated by the Turks, which were followed by the trials of the perpetrators before the Martial Court. In the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 the Great Powers use the terms "crimes against civilization" and "crimes of lèse-humanity". In the aftermath of Second World War, face the Holocaust tragedy, the Military Tribunal of the Nurnberger Trials against Nazi officials started the proceeding by stating the crimes on which it was competent... On 9 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved the Convention for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide, which is considered as the most heinous crime against Humanity. 

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