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Father Eugenio Bussa 1904 - 1977

He founded a displacement Colony where he hid several Jewish

Eugenio Cesare Bussa was an Italian priest who was born on September 3, 1904 in Milan. In February '43, he founded the displacement colony of Serina (in the province of Bergamo), with the support of another prelate of Bergamo and the Archbishop of Milan Cardinal Schuster. Father Eugenio took care of about eighty children - sons of the poor families of the quarter, of the Pirelli factory's employees and of the churchgoers - and, unbeknownst to anyone, hid under a false name also several Jewish children

In August 1943, the Patronage was destroyed by a bomb. The priest, in order to avoid his children to be called to the front, hid them in the  basement and faked their documents. He also provided a hideout for victims of political persecution.

In November 1944 - two months after the Fascist authorities occupied his colony - Father Eugenio has been arrester by the Muti Brigade. However, he has been soon liberated thanks to the pressure of the people from his quarter and of the Cardinal Schuster. Five months after, Milan was liberated by the Partisans. 

In the post-war, Father Eugenio continued to take care of children, moved by the conviction that "the world needs more people doing good, and more wise men surprising for their knowledge". He died on January 29, 1977. 

His story has been first told by Alberto Fazio, one of the Jewish children saved by the Priest, who is now living in Israel. On March 28, 1990, Father Eugenio Bussa has been nominated "Righteous Among the Nations" by Yad Vashem

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Righteous among the Nations in the Holocaust

remembered in Yad Vashem's Garden of the Righteous

In the 50es, the State of Israel established Yad Vashem, Jerusalem's Mausoleum to remember the victims of the "final solution" planned by Hitler. At the beginning of the 60es, the "Righteous Commission" was established, with the task of bestowing the title of "Righteous among the Nations" on the non Jews who rescued Jews during Nazi persecution. Inside Yad Vashem the "Garden of the Righteous" with an avenue in which every tree is dedicated to a different Righteous, was set up. Over the past year, due to a lack of room, the trees were replaced with the carving of the Righteous' names into the walls enclosing the garden.
The Commission, chaired for nearly 30 years by the judge of the Constitutional Court Moshe Bejski, has recognized and documented until now about 20,000 Righteous. Out of them we picked some.
Nonetheless, as Bejski used to recall, the Righteous are many more than that and the duty of the Commission is that of identifying and awarding them before the passing of time makes the pieces of testimony and the other documental evidence of their rescue deeds vanish. The Italian case shows that this concern of Bejsky was well-founded: the high number of Jews who escaped the "final solution" is not compatible with the few Righteous recognized in Jerusalem (nearly 500 at the end of 2011). 

This is why it is important to identify the cases that have remained unknown and activate the proceeding at the Commission to start the inquiry leading to more assignments of the title of "Righteous among the nations".

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