Versione italiana | Search in site:

Exemplary figures reported by Gariwo

  • Cambodia
  • Claire Ly the Cambodian genocide testimony in "Back from Hell"
  • Dith Pran reporter, photographer and human rights activist
  • China L.
  • Liu Xiaobo Writer and soul of Charter 08, the manifesto for the rule of law in communist China
  • Hungary
  • Ágnes Heller Hungarian philosopher, founder and most prominent exponent of the “Budapest school”
  • North Korea
  • Kang Chol-hawan a Korean journalist who escaped from a North Korean gulag
  • Poland K.
  • Janusz Korczak Educator, he followed the Jewish children into the Warsaw Ghetto and in deportation
  • URSS
  • Nadezhda Mandel'shtam Wife of the dissident poet Osip Mandel'shtam
  • USSR
  • Anna Akhmatova the poet of dissent
  • Lydia Chukovskaya anti-stalinist writer who published her work despite heavy Soviet censorship
  • Yuli Daniel Russian educator who struggled for prisoners' rights in the Soviet Union
  • Ariadna Efron daughter to Russian poet Marina Cvetaeva
  • Leonid Fëdorov Russian orthodox priest who passionately resisted Soviet secularism
  • Pavel Florenskij profoundly thoughtful philosopher killed for his personal expression
  • Yuri Galanskov the poet of Majakovskji Square
  • Alexander Ginzburg journalist and defender of human rights
  • Petro Grigorenko anti-Stalinist Soviet General declared "mentally ill" for openly resisting Stalinism
  • Vasily Grossman in his "Life and Fate" he denounced the crimes of both communism and nazism
  • Bernard Grzywacz and Anna Szyszko two Poles who survived the GULag
  • Gustav Herling
  • Nadezhda Mandel'shtam wife of poet Osip Mandel'shtam who devoted herself to preserving his works
  • Osip Mandel'shtam Russian poet who clashed with ideological conformism in Soviet society
  • Anatoly Marchenko was a Soviet dissident, author, and human rights campaigner
  • Alexander Men a father with an increasingly strong influence on intellectuals and worshippers in the parishes in and around Moscow
  • Lev Emmanuilovic Razgon Russian writer and victim of Stalinism who published the account of his experiences
  • Jacques Rossi French spy and victim of Stalin's great purge who published the GULag Handbook, a testimony of the GULag experience
  • Andrei Sakharov he defended peace and human dignity in the GULag
  • Varlam Shalamov anti-stalinist poet who published the tale of his imprisonment in Siberia.
  • Andrei Sinyavsky he wrote stories, short novels and fiercely satirical essays on the state of affairs in the Soviet Union
  • Aleksandr Isaevich Solzhenitsyn author of "The GULag Archipelago"
  • Wales
  • Gareth Jones Welsh journalist who revealed the Holodomor

The difficult defense of human dignity

In communist totalitarianism

The Gulag as the organized system of soviet labor camps was a powerful instrument for the extermination of entire groups of citizens by the communist totalitarian regime, in the USSR since half of the Twenties and then by emulation of the other countries of the communist bloc, both in Europe and in the Far East.
Through terror, the regime exerted an iron grip over the population who completely submitted to the regime. 

For those who opposed the regime the question was not about risking their lives to rescue other human beings, but to save their true identity at the cost of their life. Through this, indirectly, other lives were saved and this courageous kind of moral resistance contributed to the collapse of the Soviet empire, which collapsed at the end of 1989.