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Civil courage

  • Exemplary figures reported by Gariwo
    • Afghanistan
    • Sonita Alizadeh the rapper who denounced the tragedy of child brides
    • Algeria
    • Hassiba Boulmerka
 first african women to win a world title
    • Khalida Toumi Messaoudi Algerian, minister for Communication and Culture in 2001
    • Argentina
    • Alice Domon French missionary in Argentina who was tortured and killed for her compassion
    • Azucena Villaflor founder of the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo
    • Australia
    • Peter Norman an act of solidarity from the Mexico City podium
    • Belarus
    • Yuri Bandachevsky scientist, anatomo-pathologist and Soviet dissident
    • Vassili Nesterenko dissident Soviet nuclear physicist
    • Bulgaria
    • Ahmed Demir Dogan the opponent who set up a legal organization in defence of the rights and freedom of Bulgarian Turks
    • Burma-Myanmar
    • Aung San Suu Kyi 1991 Nobel Peace Prize
    • Bo Kyi a student victim of torture and a civil liberty activist
    • China
    • Ching Cheong Chinese journalist
    • Gao Xingjian Nobel Prize for Literature
    • Gao Zhisheng lawyer and human rights activist
    • Hu Jia journalist and the man behind the “letter of a thousand signatures”
    • Liu Xia human rights advocate in China, she shared Liu Xiabo's commitment for democracy
    • Teng Biao Chinese lawyer and human rights activist
    • Zeng Jinyan cyber human rights activist
    • Congo
    • Sylvie Maunga Mbanga lawyer against rape and for dialogue between ethnic groups
    • Denis Mukwege A doctor against rape in the Congo
    • Eritrea
    • Alganesh Fessaha a woman to the rescue of migrants in Africa and Lampedusa
    • Germany-China
    • John Rabe the Nazi who saved Chinese lives in Nanking
    • Greece
    • Christoforos Schuff the priest "fisher of men"
    • ​Efi Latsoudi Coordinator of the Pikpa Solidarity Camp and winner of 2016 Nansen Refugee Award for her tireless work helping refugees on the Greek island of Lesvos
    • ​Emilia Kamvisi the grandmother of Lesvos
    • Eric Kempson The English artist who rescues the 'lost souls' of Lesvos.
    • ​Melinda McRostie owner of The Captain's Table: the restaurant of Lesvos helping the refugees
    • Stratos Valiamos fisher of men in the Isle of Lesbos
    • Daphne Vloumidi the hotel owner from Lesbos who was arrested for driving them to the ferry embarkment to Athens the refugees landed in 2015
    • Guatemala
    • Guillermo Chen campaigner for justice for the Maya massacres
    • Norma Cruz women’s rights activist and former guerrilla fighter
    • India
    • Flavia Agnes a lawyer for women’s rights, writer and activist of gender issues
    • Iran
    • Hashem Aghajari the historian persecuted for criticizing the ayatollahs
    • Ahmad Batebi a student persecuted by the ayatollahs
    • Massoud Benhoud a journalist persecuted for his defence of freedom of information
    • Akbar Ganji the journalist who symbolizes dissent against the regime of the ayatollahs
    • Mehrangiz Kar lawyer, writer, lecturer at Harvard University
    • Neda Agha Soltan a symbol of Iranian dissent
    • Iraq
    • Vian Dakhil Yazidi deputy against the Islamic State
    • Nagham Nawzat Hasan Yazidi doctor and activist who cures the body and the soul of the people
    • Italy
    • Albino Badinelli the policeman who turned himself in to the Nazi-Fascists to save 20 hostages and the whole country from the retaliation
    • Costantino Baratta the bricklayer from Lampedusa who saved 12 Eritrean children during the massacre of 3 October
    • ​Daniela Pompei Responsible of the Sant'Egidio Community's services for migrants
    • Italian Coast Guard women and men that risk their lives to save the ones on the run from hunger and violence
    • Maria Quinto Coordinator of the humanitarian corridors and of the migrants services promoted by the Sant'Egidio Community
    • Piero Martinetti founder of the Philosophical School of Milan, he was the only philosopher among university professors to refuse to take the oath to the fascist regime in 1931
    • Teresio Olivelli the "rebel out of love"
    • Ada Rossi She helped create and disseminate the Manifesto of Ventotene and set up the European Federalist Movement
    • Vito Fiorino rescuer of refugees in Lampedusa
    • Italy - Argentina
    • Enrico Calamai the vice consul who rescued 300 people from the military dictatorship
    • Italy - France - Egypt
    • Jean-Sélim Kanaan aid worker killed in the attack on the UN headquarters in Baghdad
    • Lebanon
    • Samir Kassir journalist and Political Activist
    • Mali
    • Abdel Kader Haidara The saviour of the Timbuktu manuscripts
    • Mexico
    • Lydia Cacho journalist and women’s rights activist
    • Morocco
    • Fatima Mernissi writer, lecturer in sociology at the Mohammed V University of Rabat, Morocco
    • Nigeria
    • Wole Soyinka Committed intellectual, protagonist of struggle against african dictatorships's violences
    • Peru
    • Maria Elena Moyano a “pasionaria” in the fight against poverty
    • Poland
    • Raphael Lemkin the great jurist who coined the word “genocide”
    • Russia
    • Paul Klebnikov an American journalist in Russia
    • Anna Politkovskaya murdered in Moscow for reporting atrocities in Chechnya
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Raif Badawi the Saudi blogger sentenced to 1000 lashes
    • Serbia
    • Natasha Kandic human rights activist in Serbia
    • Somalia
    • Hawa Aden Mohamed teacher and girls’ rights activist
    • Ayaan Hirsi Ali member of the European Parliament
    • South Africa
    • Nelson Mandela the "giant" of the struggle against apartheid
    • Zandile Nhlengetwa campaigner for dialogue and reconciliation
    • Spain
    • Gorka Landaburu A Spanish journalist targeted by ETA
    • Sri Lanka
    • Sunila Abeysekera singer, actress and minority rights activist
    • Sudan-Darfur
    • Halima Bashir a doctor in Darfur
    • Sweden
    • Dag Hammarskjöld an introverted diplomat for peace, he increased the executive role of the Secretary General in peace operations
    • Syria
    • Hevrin Khalaf activist for the peaceful coexistence between Kurds, Syriac Christians and Arabs
    • Yusra Mardini a young swimmer for refugee rights
    • ​Ghayath Mattar Syrian activist killed because of his struggle for democracy
    • Tunisia
    • Sihem Bensedrine journalist and civil rights activist
    • Mohammed Bouazizi the young boy who gave rise to the Arab Springs
    • Turkey
    • Taner Akcam a Turkish professor who denounced the Armenian Genocide
    • Orhan Pamuk Nobel Prize who reported clashes and connections between different cultures
    • Pinar Selek Turkish sociologist and peace and human rights activist
    • Elif Shafak writer against discriminations
    • Ragip Zarakolu a Turkish writer in defense of ethnic minorities
    • Uganda
    • Ricky Richard Anywar a former child soldier who rescues children from the militias
    • Father Emanuel Natalino Vura the priest that rescues child soldiers
    • USA
    • Ruth Bader Ginsburg liberal judge and pioneer of feminism, fought for gender equality at the US Supreme Court
    • Fannie Lou Hamer outspoken advocate of civil and political rights for African Americans
    • Tommie Smith and John Carlos an act for Human Rights
    • Amina Wadud professor of Islamic studies in the Philosophy and Religious Studies Department of Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
    • Vietnam
    • Carlo Urbani he was a Nobel Peace Prize winner and the first physician to diagnose SARS
    • Zimbabwe
    • Betty Makoni champion of women’s rights in Africa
  • Exemplary figures reported by users
    • Italy
    • Franco Basaglia he has been the main driving force of the real change in psychiatry
    • Mons. JP Carroll Abbing Founder of the "Opera Nazionale Per Le Citta' Dei Ragazzi", he devoted his life to the assistance and education of young people without a family
    • Father Italo Laracca rescuer and reference figure for all those in need during the Second World War
    • Francesco Quaianni he worked in favour of antifascists and partisans
    • United States
    • Keshia Thomas Activist, humanitarian, community organizer, professional public speaker.