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Remembering the Righteous against mafias

a reflection by Nando Dalla Chiesa

Peppino Impastato (photo by LaReika)

Peppino Impastato (photo by LaReika)

The Milan Garden of the Righteous has now five new trees dedicated to five unheeded witnesses to the history of the Twentieth century: Romeo Dallaire, Sophie Scholl, Jan Karsi, Aleksandr Solženicyn, Armin Wegner.

Nando Dalla Chiesa in Libera: Associations, names and numbers against mafias launched a proposal: "That this Forest of the Righteous makes rooom from the very next year to those who have fought the totalitarian savagery of mafioso organizations. The fact that this fury has developed within a democracy does not diminish the courage or dignity of those who have been able to oppose it Of thouse who have found within their souls the moral resources (the senseless goodness...) to resist the pressure to conform that came not from violence stunned officials but from the legitimate representatives of a democratic power, not from a violent mob but from orderly and educated public opinions. Maybe the questions on what is just and unjust become even more awkward for those is called to choose. And the certainty to truly represent the "best part" of society and not its moralist and preaching part or the moral integralism unable to tolerate the ancient human willingness to compromise.

This is why I believe the antimafia movement must regard the Forest of the Righteous as the place to honour also "its own" victims. Who were never really perfect, sometimes not even always coherent, but who where able - this is true - not to retract, not to turn away when history demanded them to choose. They have been human beings among human beings, because - again - being Righteous is an option for all. Entering that forest would be a way to vow that the struggle against organized crime has the right to be considered as one of the greater struggles of humanity against evil. And that antimafia belongs to the history of Good.

19 April 2011

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Resistance against the Mafia

moral rebellion of civil society and role of the institutions

We may define the Mafia as a power competing with the State for the control (in delinquent terms) over the territory. The Mafia occupies the vacuum left by the State and contends for it with the State itself (also by carrying out killings, which has happened rather blatantly in the past few decades), when the State tries to fill it.An innovative approach to the analysis of the Mafioso phehomenon , which can be useful to determine the conditions for a successful opposition to it, may start from comparing the power of the coscas and the totalitarian state, as far as the forms and the results in terms of grip on society are concerned, which turns out to be absolute in both cases, in particular by sawing terror, creating the criminal élites, hitting the "dissidents", isolating people, breaking up blood relations, fostering resignation and submission, as well as crime denial.
As stopping genocide or curbing the strength of a totalitarian regime require a strong intervention both from the state level (within the apparatuses or from other states, diplomatically or by the use of force) and civil society, so to defuse the Mafia power we need the synergy between the two segments failing to engage, i.e. the state and the citizens.

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Felicia Bartolotta Impastato

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