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MOAS keeps hope alive for Rohingya people

the Phoenix set sails for a SAR observation mission in the Andaman sea

The Phoenix

The Phoenix Mathieu Willcocks/ 2016

In 2013 casualties at sea along the Central Mediterranean route become a tragic reality in front of my eyes. While I was on holiday with my family, a beige coat -that had probably belonged to someone who could not reach safety- was floating on the sea surface. Soon after, we were pushed to act by the words against the globalisation of indifference in a statement by Pope Francis in Lampedusa and by a shipwreck occurred on October 3rd 2013 that claimed 368 lives. People were dying at sea in a silent and liquid cemetery, but all eyes were focused on disembarkation ports where survivors arrived.

This is how MOAS (Migrant Offshore Aid Station) was created, as an international organisation aimed to mitigate the suffering of the most vulnerable migrant and refugee communities and based on the simple, but essential principle stating that “Nobody Deserves To Die At Sea”. Throughout three years of SAR missions between 2014 and 2017, we have assisted more than 40,000 children, women and men who could have become figures for the statistics of casualties at sea. But, above all, we have shed light on a topic that was highly underestimated at that time and, following a pioneering idea combined with a positive use of technology, we became the first humanitarian organisation to use military drones in order to save human lives along the most lethal migration route in the world.

MOAS has always paid attention to geopolitical developments and to their consequences on migration routes. We have not only provided help in the Central Mediterranean, but also operated in the Aegean Sea from December 2015 to March 2016 when the number of crossings dramatically decreased after the EU-Turkey deal came into force. From October 2015 to May 2016 we have carried out our first survey in Southeast Asia to explore Rohingya catastrophic living conditions in Northern Rakhine, in Myanmar.

From October 2015 to May 2016 we have carried out our first monitoring mission in Southeast Asia to learn more about Rohingya catastrophic living conditions in Northern Rakhine, in Myanmar (or Burma). Since then, MOAS’ sister organisation, Xchange, issued the first reportdocumenting Rohingya daily life in Rakhine amid persecution, violence, discrimination and mass killings.

By interviewing 1000 Rohingya, we explored their limitations in terms of access to healthcare and education system, as well as of working in public administration or having decent jobs.

Since then, we have never stopped monitoring regional developments, as we are now doing in the Mediterranean where the new operational scenario raises huge concerns. This is why last August we decided to suspend our SAR mission to focus all our resources and capacities to support the Rohingya people and we repositioned the Phoenix, that played a major role in delivering 40 tons of humanitarian aid to the Bangladeshi government. Since August 25th around 700,000 people have arrived in Bangladesh after horrific journeys that further jeopardise this minority, which the UN describe as the world’s most persecuted one.

As highlighted by IOM (International Organisation for Migration) in its report “Fatal Journeys, Volume 3”, Chapter 3 “Migrant deaths in the Asia-Pacific are also the by-product of internal conflicts and ethnic cleansing that have captured less Western attention than the conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic and the deaths in the Mediterranean. The reality is that most deaths in the Asia-Pacific continue to occur in large unpatrolled spaces, often – but not exclusively – at sea. The majority go unrecorded, as will be shown in this chapter”. It is enough to check the Missing Migrant project and data as of April 11th to understand that, even though shipwrecks had been reported by news agencies, only 31 casualties were documented, and not all of them were caused by shipwrecks, but also by landmine blasts or car accidents.

However, a lack of reporting not only futher dehumanises migration, but also prevents us from understanding the real extent of what is happening and its potential consequences. In light of this, MOAS decided to expand the scope of our mission in Southeast Asia. While our medical staff daily assists hundreds of patients in both Aid Station of Shamlapur and Unchiprang, we will reposition the Phoenix in the Andaman sea for a one-month monitoring mission before the monsoon season starts. With this mission we will not only understand more about the operational scenario in the region, but our professional team on board will also be ready to act, if any urgent SAR intervention will be required. Based on MOAS’ motto, we will do everything possible so that no child, woman or man will feel abandoned or lose their lives on unsafe vessels.

MOAS appeals to the international community to act and shine a light on the atrocities perpetrated against Rohingya people in the hope of giving them a peaceful future Additionally, we hope to raise awareness on the situation in the Andaman sea and boat crossings in the area, as we had done at Europe’s doorstep. In the meantime, we will support the Bangladeshi community, which is now sharing land, resources and heart with those fleeing unfair persecution and endless violence.

Because Nobody Deserves To Die At Sea.

Nor on (main)land.

Regina Catrambone, Co-Founder and Director of MOAS

24 April 2018

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whoever saves a life saves the entire world

In Yad Vashem's Memorial, in Jerusalem, the Garden of the Righteous remembers those who tried to rescue the Jews in the Holocaust: those who hidd them, helped them expatriate with forged documents, nourished them or gave them a job; those who, seeing them suffer, helped them somehow instead of remaining indifferent.In Yerevan's Wall of Remembrance the memorial stones remember the rescuers of Armenians during the genocide of 1915, those who tried to stop the massacre, refused to obey orders, sheltered children, reported the extermination that was occurring beneath their hopeless eyes to the world's public opinion.
In 1994 in Rwanda, some Tutsies who were hunted by the interahamwe militias were protected by neighbours, friends - some times strangers, too - belonginf to the Hutu ethnic group, who refused participating in the "man hunt" with machetes that had been planned by other Hutus to exterminate the country's Tutsi minority.
While ethnic cleansing was ravaging Bosnia leading to the murder of thousands innocent victims some people trying to escape the massacre were helped in the same way by neighbours, school mates, friends, or strangers, who were members of other ethnic groups.
Still todate, in many places in the world, there are such rescuers who risk and sometimes lose their lives in the attempt of helping the victims, and become victims themselves. Other times they lose their jobs, wellbeing, social status or they are imprisoned, tortured, cast out. At any rate, even before starting their endeavours, they know they run a serious risk, but they prefer doing so rather than bearing the weigh of remorse for remaining indifferent for the rest of their lives. Everytime by their action they "save the entire world", as stands in the Talmud.


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