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Tale of Tsvetan Mumdzhiev

Steven Sage tells about the story of the Bulgarian colonel who rescued thousands forced labours during Nazi occupation. He received no medals nor honours whatsoever. Maybe he will be remembered in the future?

Joseph and Louise Materne honoured as Righteous

Yad Vashem awarded the Belgian family who rescued Zalman Shiffer, the son to a Jewish woman they did not know before.

The Bulgarian Orthodox Church and the rescue of Jews

Author Leah Cohen published a new book about the Holocaust and the fate of the Bulgarian Jews. Here we present you with an excerpt from chapter You Believe. In the box below you will find the full text. 

Turkish diplomats and the Shoah

The Ashkelon film festival in Israel discrovered the stories of some Turkish diplomats who rescued Jews giving them a Turkish passport. Sometimes they Jews out of the deportation trains. One of these diplomats is Selahattin Ukumen, consul general in Rhodes and one of the Righeous Among the Nation of Yad Vashem.

Bulgaria and the myth of innocence

Gabriele Nissim, who discovered the figure of Dimitar Peshev and told his story in his book The man who stopped Hitler, explores the meaning of moral self-criticism for the conscience and identity of Bulgaria. 

Facing Bulgaria's past

Bulgarian Helsinki Committee is to hold in the Bulgarian capital the meeting Facing our past, on 5 and 6 October at Hotel Radisson in Narodno Sabranje square 4. Guest star is Gabriele Nissim, author of The Man Who Stopped Hitler. With the participation of scholars from the US, France, Bulgaria and Macedonia and prominent members of the Jewish community.


whoever saves a life saves the entire world

In Yad Vashem's Memorial, in Jerusalem, the Garden of the Righteous remembers those who tried to rescue the Jews in the Holocaust: those who hidd them, helped them expatriate with forged documents, nourished them or gave them a job; those who, seeing them suffer, helped them somehow instead of remaining indifferent.In Yerevan's Wall of Remembrance the memorial stones remember the rescuers of Armenians during the genocide of 1915, those who tried to stop the massacre, refused to obey orders, sheltered children, reported the extermination that was occurring beneath their hopeless eyes to the world's public opinion.
In 1994 in Rwanda, some Tutsies who were hunted by the interahamwe militias were protected by neighbours, friends - some times strangers, too - belonginf to the Hutu ethnic group, who refused participating in the "man hunt" with machetes that had been planned by other Hutus to exterminate the country's Tutsi minority.
While ethnic cleansing was ravaging Bosnia leading to the murder of thousands innocent victims some people trying to escape the massacre were helped in the same way by neighbours, school mates, friends, or strangers, who were members of other ethnic groups.
Still todate, in many places in the world, there are such rescuers who risk and sometimes lose their lives in the attempt of helping the victims, and become victims themselves. Other times they lose their jobs, wellbeing, social status or they are imprisoned, tortured, cast out. At any rate, even before starting their endeavours, they know they run a serious risk, but they prefer doing so rather than bearing the weigh of remorse for remaining indifferent for the rest of their lives. Everytime by their action they "save the entire world", as stands in the Talmud.

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Giuseppe Sala

organized the rescue of the Jews with the Opera San Vincenzo