Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous GariwoNetwork

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Rescuers

Palatucci and the normality of Good

Gariwo chairman Gabriele Nissim discusses the Italian police officer who was credited with rescuing 5,000 Jews in fascist-occupied Fiume (now Rijeka, Croatia) in the light of new US research denying such myth. Societies should not look for superheroes to celebrate goodness, he argues. Palatucci was a Righteous even if he rescued only a few families.


Honouring Dimitar Peshev in Washington

The Bulgarian embassy’s request to dedicate a crossroad in Washington to Dimitar Peshev sparked a fierce discussion, due to the fear of revisionists attempts to redefine Bulgaria's role in the Holocaust. Gabriele Nissim, Gariwo chairman and author of book L'uomo che fermò Hitler (the man who stopped Hitler) about Peshev, wrote a letter to DC Council Chairman Dr. Phil Mendelson


José Castellanos, the Schindler from El Salvador

Tale of the Salvadorean consul who after rescuing a friend accepted to distribute passports to save many more people in Switzerland, putting his diplomatic career at risk.  


Remembering Peshev on the EU Day of the Righteous

Gabriele Nissim commemorated Dimitar Peshev also in the premises of the European Parliament in Brussels, in the presence of Israeli President Shimon Peres and the Bulgarian authorities. Here is his speech (in French)


Tale of Tsvetan Mumdzhiev

Steven Sage tells about the story of the Bulgarian colonel who rescued thousands forced labours during Nazi occupation. He received no medals nor honours whatsoever. Maybe he will be remembered in the future?


Joseph and Louise Materne honoured as Righteous

Yad Vashem awarded the Belgian family who rescued Zalman Shiffer, the son to a Jewish woman they did not know before.


Rescuers

whoever saves a life saves the entire world

In Yad Vashem's Memorial, in Jerusalem, the Garden of the Righteous remembers those who tried to rescue the Jews in the Holocaust: those who hidd them, helped them expatriate with forged documents, nourished them or gave them a job; those who, seeing them suffer, helped them somehow instead of remaining indifferent.In Yerevan's Wall of Remembrance the memorial stones remember the rescuers of Armenians during the genocide of 1915, those who tried to stop the massacre, refused to obey orders, sheltered children, reported the extermination that was occurring beneath their hopeless eyes to the world's public opinion.
In 1994 in Rwanda, some Tutsies who were hunted by the interahamwe militias were protected by neighbours, friends - some times strangers, too - belonginf to the Hutu ethnic group, who refused participating in the "man hunt" with machetes that had been planned by other Hutus to exterminate the country's Tutsi minority.
While ethnic cleansing was ravaging Bosnia leading to the murder of thousands innocent victims some people trying to escape the massacre were helped in the same way by neighbours, school mates, friends, or strangers, who were members of other ethnic groups.
Still todate, in many places in the world, there are such rescuers who risk and sometimes lose their lives in the attempt of helping the victims, and become victims themselves. Other times they lose their jobs, wellbeing, social status or they are imprisoned, tortured, cast out. At any rate, even before starting their endeavours, they know they run a serious risk, but they prefer doing so rather than bearing the weigh of remorse for remaining indifferent for the rest of their lives. Everytime by their action they "save the entire world", as stands in the Talmud.

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Paolo Salvatore

the director of the concentration camp of Ferramonti di Tarsia