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How Holocaust Memorial Day is celebrated in Spain

Juan Gutierrez, one of the hosts at recent "Cities destroyed by war" meeting in San Sebastian, told Gariwo about the way Spain tackles Holocaust Memory. Here, the Righteous rescuers are centre-stage. Also, a Memory Law was passed in 2007 to rehabilitate the memory of the victims of Francoism. 

Road to valor

Tea Camporesi reviews the book by Aili and Andres McConnon about Gino Bartali, the Italian cycling champion who risked his life to rescue 800 Jews in Italy during World War II. One example of the athlete's goodness and wisdom: “If you are good at sport - Bartali used to say - they will pin medals on your jersey, and then they will shine in a museum. But if you win a medal for doing good it will pin on your soul and will shine elsewhere”.

Hans Von Dohnanyi

Hans Von Dohnanyi is a member of the righteous for his dissidence against the Nazi regime and was a key figure in constructing plots against Hitler. 

Satloff and the Righteous Arabs

Historian and author Robert Satloff critiques Yad Vashem for not recognizing Arabs who aided Jews during German occupation in Arab countries.

Roncalli, The “Turkish Pope”

Rinaldo Marmara, spokesperson of Episcopal Conference of Turkey and historian of Parsonage Apostle of Istanbul, presented his volume Giovanni XXII friend of the Turkish and honor Father Roncalli at Sacred Heart Catholic University in Milan, with the Alba Intercultural Association. He hopes that "The publication of new books and initiatives in sight of his canonization allow even the youngest to apprehend his message of Father Roncalli of universal brotherhood”.

Georg Duckwitz and the “bias” of memory

Editorial by Martina Landi, Gariwo Editor

These days we are marking the anniversary of one of the greatest rescue deeds of World War Two, the rescue of the Danish Jews. Over the night between 1 and 2 October 1943, in fact, the Danish resistance movement, helped by a vast


whoever saves a life saves the entire world

In Yad Vashem's Memorial, in Jerusalem, the Garden of the Righteous remembers those who tried to rescue the Jews in the Holocaust: those who hidd them, helped them expatriate with forged documents, nourished them or gave them a job; those who, seeing them suffer, helped them somehow instead of remaining indifferent.In Yerevan's Wall of Remembrance the memorial stones remember the rescuers of Armenians during the genocide of 1915, those who tried to stop the massacre, refused to obey orders, sheltered children, reported the extermination that was occurring beneath their hopeless eyes to the world's public opinion.
In 1994 in Rwanda, some Tutsies who were hunted by the interahamwe militias were protected by neighbours, friends - some times strangers, too - belonginf to the Hutu ethnic group, who refused participating in the "man hunt" with machetes that had been planned by other Hutus to exterminate the country's Tutsi minority.
While ethnic cleansing was ravaging Bosnia leading to the murder of thousands innocent victims some people trying to escape the massacre were helped in the same way by neighbours, school mates, friends, or strangers, who were members of other ethnic groups.
Still todate, in many places in the world, there are such rescuers who risk and sometimes lose their lives in the attempt of helping the victims, and become victims themselves. Other times they lose their jobs, wellbeing, social status or they are imprisoned, tortured, cast out. At any rate, even before starting their endeavours, they know they run a serious risk, but they prefer doing so rather than bearing the weigh of remorse for remaining indifferent for the rest of their lives. Everytime by their action they "save the entire world", as stands in the Talmud.


Ho Feng Shan, the Chinese Schindler

his daughter Ho Manli tells his story to Yad Vashem

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Costantino Baratta

the bricklayer from Lampedusa who saved 12 Eritrean children during the massacre of 3 October