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Italy's "forgotten heroes"

The tales of cycling champion Gino Bartali, cardinal Elia Della Costa, surgeon Giovanni Borromeo and many other Italians who during World War Two risked their lives to rescue the Jews are told in the movie My Italian Secret. The forgotten heroes which opened the Rome Film Festival on 16 October.

The Armenian Genocide Over 3 Generations

Maro Ibishian is a third-generation witness to the Armenian Genocide. She goes to schools with Gariwo members and tells pupils about her story and identity as an Armenian. Gariwo Editor Valentina De Fazio interviewed her, while Gariwo Founder Pietro Kuciukian collected the tale of her Grandmother's family. 

In honor of Beatrice Rohner

Editorial by H.E. Sargis Ghazaryan

H.E. Sargis Ghazaryan’ is the Ambassador of Armenia to Italy.

I must say it was well worth doing. In Rome we are rarely met with such warmth, from citizens and especially the younger people. Today while thanking

Inconsistent criteria for "righteousness"

To be sure, the "Righteous among the Nations" project is a blessed one as it highlights gratitude and the recognition of good, but on the other hand it is high-time for Yad Vashem to apply a more consistent selection policy". So write Eduard Eurnekian and Baruj Tenembaum of International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation in reply to a Haaretz article. 

Gilberto Bosques, Mexican Schindler

He rescued hundreds Jews when he was consul in Marseille. He was confined for one year by the Nazis. But he acted in compliance with Mexico government's instructions. Therefore Yad Vashem does not recognize him as a Righteous despite all documents owned by prestigious Raoul Wallenberg Foundation. 

How Holocaust Memorial Day is celebrated in Spain

Juan Gutierrez, one of the hosts at recent "Cities destroyed by war" meeting in San Sebastian, told Gariwo about the way Spain tackles Holocaust Memory. Here, the Righteous rescuers are centre-stage. Also, a Memory Law was passed in 2007 to rehabilitate the memory of the victims of Francoism. 


whoever saves a life saves the entire world

In Yad Vashem's Memorial, in Jerusalem, the Garden of the Righteous remembers those who tried to rescue the Jews in the Holocaust: those who hidd them, helped them expatriate with forged documents, nourished them or gave them a job; those who, seeing them suffer, helped them somehow instead of remaining indifferent.In Yerevan's Wall of Remembrance the memorial stones remember the rescuers of Armenians during the genocide of 1915, those who tried to stop the massacre, refused to obey orders, sheltered children, reported the extermination that was occurring beneath their hopeless eyes to the world's public opinion.
In 1994 in Rwanda, some Tutsies who were hunted by the interahamwe militias were protected by neighbours, friends - some times strangers, too - belonginf to the Hutu ethnic group, who refused participating in the "man hunt" with machetes that had been planned by other Hutus to exterminate the country's Tutsi minority.
While ethnic cleansing was ravaging Bosnia leading to the murder of thousands innocent victims some people trying to escape the massacre were helped in the same way by neighbours, school mates, friends, or strangers, who were members of other ethnic groups.
Still todate, in many places in the world, there are such rescuers who risk and sometimes lose their lives in the attempt of helping the victims, and become victims themselves. Other times they lose their jobs, wellbeing, social status or they are imprisoned, tortured, cast out. At any rate, even before starting their endeavours, they know they run a serious risk, but they prefer doing so rather than bearing the weigh of remorse for remaining indifferent for the rest of their lives. Everytime by their action they "save the entire world", as stands in the Talmud.


Ho Feng Shan, the Chinese Schindler

his daughter Ho Manli tells his story to Yad Vashem

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André Sibomana

an independent journalist in the Rwandan Genocide