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Uri Avnery's birthday

a life devoted to peace

Uri Avnery will turn 90 on 10 September. Gideon Levy wishes him "Mazal tov" in a Haaretz piece where he depicts him as a "pioneer of Israeli journalism, a statesman and a prophet". Avnery founded Ha'olam Hazeh, a newspaper that has often challenged both the army and the extremist Arabs.

He fought in Israel's Independence War. He was the first one to coin the term "two states for two people". Although he is a convinced Zionist, he dared meet Arafat when he was an enemy of the Israeli people. For his troublesome initiatives he underwent two assaults, but he never lost his optimism. In an interview with Haaretz a few weeks ago, he said: "If we keep looking at our feet, we will die of sorrow. I always look up". 

9 September 2013

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Crimes of genocide and against the humankind

the denial of the individual's value

The first legal definition in the domain of mass persecution dates back to 1915 and concerns the massacres of the Armenian populations perpetrated by the Turks, which were followed by the trials of the perpetrators before the Martial Court. In the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 the Great Powers use the terms "crimes against civilization" and "crimes of lèse-humanity". In the aftermath of Second World War, face the Holocaust tragedy, the Military Tribunal of the Nurnberger Trials against Nazi officials started the proceeding by stating the crimes on which it was competent... On 9 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved the Convention for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide, which is considered as the most heinous crime against Humanity. 

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