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Punished for their freedom and their nature

against women a double persecution

Women are still subject to abuse and discrimination all over the world

Women are still subject to abuse and discrimination all over the world echeion

The Sophie's Choice, in which a mother in the death camp is forced to sacrifice one of her sons to save the other, is perhaps the film that illustrates with more symbolic effectiveness the double persecution that women suffer because they belong to a religion or a political belief in first place, and secondly for the simple fact they are women.
Today we see this with the stories that every day come from many countries around the world. Starting from the case of Meriam Yahia Ibrahim Ishag, who was sentenced to death for marrying with Catholic ceremony in Sudan, a nation already involved in numerous crimes against humanity and where extremism often prevails. Or from the story of Farzana Parveen, stoned to death by the family before a court of Pakistan, called by her family and which should have had to decide whether her husband had married her with or without her will.

When a woman tries to assert her freedom, either to live her feelings, to study like many women scarred by acid by men who do not accept that they can become educated and independent, or to work, to emigrate, to oppose a despotic regime or to give birth to a son, higher risks weight on her than on a man who would do the same.
 

This is proven by many cases in the former Socialist countries. For example Gabriele Nissim told, in the book A Little Girl against Stalin, that the mother of the protagonist  Luciana De Marchi was seriously threatened by the Ceka to force her to leave her husband Gino, who fell out of favor in the Soviet Union. And many other women, Russian or Italian like Pia Piccioni, have found themselves having to fight twice, to keep the family together and to preserve their dignity.


It happens in Communist countries, it happens in Islamic countries and, in the form imposed by an ideology of male domination on women, it also occurs in capitalist countries apparently democratic like Mexico, with more and more cases of women escaping from abusive husbands or fathers. 
It happens also and especially where genocides take place. Women such as Claire Ly in Cambodia and Yolande Mukagasana in Rwanda have been hurt in their most true affections - fathers, husbands, and even children killed for the sole crime of belonging to a social class or a sector of the population (the Tutsi do not want to be considered an "ethnic group").

Amnesty International points out that violence against women serves to fuel discrimination. States should protect women, like all other human beings, from abuse, but often also in democratic countries, such as the U.S., cases of gender-based violence, such as police brutality against lesbians, end unpunished.

Women are abused if arrested, are murdered for dowry or “honor” issues, are forced to undergo female genital mutilations, forced to have abortions, and often denounced in turn when they seek justice against their tormentors, as it had happened to the brave Tunisian girl, Meriem Ben Mohamed.

Girls like Malala, the young Pakistani who has suffered an attack a few years ago for defending the right to education for girls and who later intervened to demand the release of female students abducted in Nigeria by Boko Haram, teach us that it is possible not to bend the head and to fight, so that the international law protecting human rights is respected everywhere in the world.

3 June 2014

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Crimes of genocide and against the humankind

the denial of the individual's value

The first legal definition in the domain of mass persecution dates back to 1915 and concerns the massacres of the Armenian populations perpetrated by the Turks, which were followed by the trials of the perpetrators before the Martial Court. In the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 the Great Powers use the terms "crimes against civilization" and "crimes of lèse-humanity". In the aftermath of Second World War, face the Holocaust tragedy, the Military Tribunal of the Nurnberger Trials against Nazi officials started the proceeding by stating the crimes on which it was competent... On 9 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved the Convention for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide, which is considered as the most heinous crime against Humanity. 

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