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Miriam Makeba died today in Italy

loss of an anti-apartheid icon

"Many people used to define her "the voice of Africa". An icon of the anti-apartheid fight, since ever committed against racial segregation and for civil rights, Miriam Makeba was an icon artist, compelled to exile by the Johannesburg government and come back home after long wandering about Europe and the USA only after the end of the apartheid, as persuaded to do so by Nelson Mandela in person. In 2001 she received the Otto Hahn Medal for Peace, in 2005 she devoted herself to a world tour of farewell to the stage, singing in all the Countries she had visited in her career. Nevertheless her generousity had brought her to Castel Volturno despite her poor health for another icon artist, Roberto Saviano. Her last notes were for the anticamorra concert of last night, then she had a fainting spell and she suddenly died". From AGI News Agency, translated by Carolina Figini
Reuters

Video in memory of Miriam Makeba

10 November 2008

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Crimes of genocide and against the humankind

the denial of the individual's value

The first legal definition in the domain of mass persecution dates back to 1915 and concerns the massacres of the Armenian populations perpetrated by the Turks, which were followed by the trials of the perpetrators before the Martial Court. In the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 the Great Powers use the terms "crimes against civilization" and "crimes of lèse-humanity". In the aftermath of Second World War, face the Holocaust tragedy, the Military Tribunal of the Nurnberger Trials against Nazi officials started the proceeding by stating the crimes on which it was competent... On 9 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved the Convention for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide, which is considered as the most heinous crime against Humanity. 

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