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Hungary is no more a republic

ultraconservative Constitution passed

The Parliament (photo by Bu Yousef)

The Parliament (photo by Bu Yousef)

Approval of the new Constitution of Hungary, member State of the EU and Nato. The document replaces the Communist Constitution of 1949 and, as Italian journalist Andrea Tarquini points out, the constitution "doesn't call the State a republic anymore, and on the contrary it identifies the political nation with the ethnic one".

Furthermore, says an article in the Budapest Business Journal, the constitution “undermines democratic political competition and makes political change more difficult by transforming institutional structures; it weakens the system of checks and balances and alters the framework of the political community by extending the right to vote”.

"Amnesty International - continues the same article - was among several human rights groups that expressed concerns about other points of the draft, calling parts of it “especially disconcerting” - for example lifetime prison sentences without the possibility for parole for violent crimes and a ban on discrimination does not specifically mention age or sexual orientation".

International concerns about Hungary's new Constitution, The Budapest Business Journal, 19 April 2011

19 April 2011

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Crimes of genocide and against the humankind

the denial of the individual's value

The first legal definition in the domain of mass persecution dates back to 1915 and concerns the massacres of the Armenian populations perpetrated by the Turks, which were followed by the trials of the perpetrators before the Martial Court. In the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 the Great Powers use the terms "crimes against civilization" and "crimes of lèse-humanity". In the aftermath of Second World War, face the Holocaust tragedy, the Military Tribunal of the Nurnberger Trials against Nazi officials started the proceeding by stating the crimes on which it was competent... On 9 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved the Convention for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide, which is considered as the most heinous crime against Humanity. 

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