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Human rights and crimes against humanity

Orlando Zapata dies in jail - indignation in the democratic world

The Cuban dissident, arrested in 2003 over "insult to the figure of Fidel Castro", died at his 85th day of hunger strike against the abuses and tortures undergone. 25 people heading to his funerals have been arrested. Grief and indignation from the democratic Countries.

"Repression against the opponents" - the call of Russian intellectuals to Europe

Many intellectuals and former political prisoners addressed an open letter to the European leaders in which they underlined that in Russia no freedom of expression is provided and asked the European leaders to "take a stand for freedom of speech".

Bloody night in Cairo - ten dead in the protest

Nearly ten people were killed and over a thousand wounded among the demonstrators on Tahir square in Cairo. Nobel laureate El Baradei asks the world not to support "a government that kills its own citizens".

Rumania, the road to freedom

In 1944 the Communists helped topple the Antonescu government and a week later the Red Army moved into Rumania. In 1946 the Communist Party won the elections and in 1948 the new Constitution came into effect, guaranteeing freedom of expression exclusively to those authorized by the government.

Thousands at Rafsanjani's sermon - Shadi Sadr abducted by the militians

Neda, a victim in Iran - as a woman and as a symbol of freedom
The Iranian theocratic dictatorship denies the funeral to the young girl shot by a sniper while demonstrating for civil rights in Teheran.

Miriam Makeba died today in Italy - loss of an anti-apartheid icon

Often defined as "the voice of Africa" and an icon of the anti-apartheid fight, Miriam Makeba died today in Castel Volturno (Italy) soon after singing for the anticamorra writer Roberto Saviano. 

Crimes of genocide and against the humankind

the denial of the individual's value

The first legal definition in the domain of mass persecution dates back to 1915 and concerns the massacres of the Armenian populations perpetrated by the Turks, which were followed by the trials of the perpetrators before the Martial Court. In the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 the Great Powers use the terms "crimes against civilization" and "crimes of lèse-humanity". In the aftermath of Second World War, face the Holocaust tragedy, the Military Tribunal of the Nurnberger Trials against Nazi officials started the proceeding by stating the crimes on which it was competent... On 9 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved the Convention for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide, which is considered as the most heinous crime against Humanity. 

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