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Human rights and crimes against humanity

Sudan, secession wins with 98,83% - but worries about Darfur remain in place

Official referendum results have been published. Nearly 99% of the inhabitants opted for independence. The government in Khartoum reveals it approves of the decision, but there are some significant problems: violence, border quarrels, the oil issue and above all the humanitarian crisis in Darfur.


Egypt, it's "Friday of departure" - waiting for Mubarak to leave power

Nearly ten people were slain and over 1000 wounded among demonstrators gathered in Cairo's Tahir Square. Nobel laureate El Baradei asks the world not to support "a government murdering its own citizens". New demonstrations continue and Mubarak is expected to leave. According to Le Monde the population is desperately looking for primary goods.


Egypt on chaos - Parliamentary activity suspended

One million people marched on the square and the army sides with demonstrators. Opponents claim "a true democracy with limited presidential mandates, against the Mubarak presidency and its corruption". On the Web the umbrella-organization of Nobel laureate El-Baradei, who now leads the whole opposition, the 6 April Movement and the movement "for change". 


Uganda, murder of David Kato Kisule - gay rights activist

The man was hammered to death after his name had appeared in a chilling list of the local magazine Rolling Stone pointing to the names and faces of a hundred Ugandan homosexuals with the incitation to hang them.


Sudan, one Country or two? - 60% turnout reached

Elections in Southern Sudan over secession from the rest of the Country. The vote, valid with a 60% turnout that was attained, was a condition of a 2005 deal to end the two-decade North-South conflict which witnessed gross violations of human rights especially in Darfur.


Lebanese government collapses - the Country is facing instability

Sh'iites and Hezbollahs toppled the leadership of Saad Hariri, the son of the Prime Minister killed in 2005. On 10 December 2010 the Tribunal for Lebanon will make known the names of those who planned the former MP's assassination. From then on the Country's political crisis could turn into civil war.


Crimes of genocide and against the humankind

the denial of the individual's value

The first legal definition in the domain of mass persecution dates back to 1915 and concerns the massacres of the Armenian populations perpetrated by the Turks, which were followed by the trials of the perpetrators before the Martial Court. In the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 the Great Powers use the terms "crimes against civilization" and "crimes of lèse-humanity". In the aftermath of Second World War, face the Holocaust tragedy, the Military Tribunal of the Nurnberger Trials against Nazi officials started the proceeding by stating the crimes on which it was competent... On 9 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved the Convention for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide, which is considered as the most heinous crime against Humanity. 

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The book

​Tears of the Desert

Halima Bashir with Damien Lewis

Multimedia

Sarajevo library to reopen

it was destroyed in a 1993 shelling

Featured story

Aung San Suu Kyi

1991 Nobel Peace Prize