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Human rights and crimes against humanity

Who are Syria's opponents - the faces of the anti-Assad struggle

Nidaa Hassan is a Syrian journalist who, under pseudonym, offers the Guardian the profiles of the prominent opponents in the Country.

"They arrest us if we use the mobile phone" - Guardian video documents Assad's crackdown

Human rights activist Ameera (not her true name) talked to the journalists of the British daily. "The struggle will take long, police killed many men, the relatives of the jailed people are scared of speaking, but protest doesn't calm down".

The quest for another Egypt - dissident Noor Ayman Noor: "We want to be free"

British daily The Guardian features an analysis by Al Jazeera journalist Ayman Mohyeldin and a freedom wish by political activist Noor Ayman Noor, who was arrested on the first day of protests in Tahrir Square.
They reveal a contradictory reality, with fundamentalist dangers, but also a great confidence in the possibility to give the revolt a peaceful outcome.

Mass graves in Daraa - the town of Syrian revolts

Possible finding of 40 corpses, including the ones of women and children, in a mass grave in Daraa. So reported Radwan Ziadeh, activist of the Centre for human rights in Damascus. The Syrian government, who denies the existence of this collective tomb, seized the witnesses' mobile ohones and prevented journalists from travelling in the Country.

Gaddafi guilty for crimes against humanity - arrest warrant for the dictator and his son

According to International Criminal Court's prosecutor Luis Moreno Ocampo the Libyan leader personally "ordered assaults" against unarmed civilians to "keep his absolute power".

Syria, tanks bombed Homs - over 800 died in the protests

Tanks of Assad's regime shelled Homs, the crucial point in the anti-dictatorship demonstrations.

Crimes of genocide and against the humankind

the denial of the individual's value

The first legal definition in the domain of mass persecution dates back to 1915 and concerns the massacres of the Armenian populations perpetrated by the Turks, which were followed by the trials of the perpetrators before the Martial Court. In the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 the Great Powers use the terms "crimes against civilization" and "crimes of lèse-humanity". In the aftermath of Second World War, face the Holocaust tragedy, the Military Tribunal of the Nurnberger Trials against Nazi officials started the proceeding by stating the crimes on which it was competent... On 9 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved the Convention for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide, which is considered as the most heinous crime against Humanity. 

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