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Human rights and crimes against humanity

Questions about memory

Today, public remembrance is facing other challenges, as we have seen recently in Italy. We talk about the Nazi past but try to separate it from the current history of the country. An answer to this all came from Liliana Segre, when she remembered that we should not compare the Racist Laws to what is happening today, but that the mechanisms of indifference are very similar. The Senator has talked in the spirit of Primo Levi: we forget and repress the past only when we do not look at the present.

Istvan Bibo, the greatest Hungarian democracy fighter

István Bibó has been the greatest democratic thinker of the Twentieth Century. Jurist, political scientist, essayist, scholar specialised in the problems of democracy in Hungary and Central Europe, was a free spirit who anticipated in his essays the subject of human, ethnic and social rights in Hungary.

The intellectual and moral struggle of Istvan Bibo

In 2000, in Padova, Istvan Bibo's daughter-in-law brought her testimony to remember the figure of the Righteous, critical conscience of the nation during both totalitarianisms. We report some of the steps of his speech, which is available in its entirety in the box.

Conversation with Gyorgy Litvan on Istvan Bibo

Following we repropose some passages of the conversation that Gariwo Chairman Mr Gabriele Nissim had in 1999 in Budapest with Gyorgy Litvan, a Hungarian historian, friend and fellow inmate of Istvan Bibo. They deliver us the portrait of a man, Bibo, of great intelligence and moral strength, "the very embodiment of conscience".

The tree is a symbol of peace and democracy

"The tree became a symbol for peace and conflict resolution, especially during ethnic conflicts in Kenya when the Green Belt Movement used peace trees to reconcile disputing communities". Wangari Maathai speech for the Nobel Price 2004.

Simone Veil at the European Parliament

On 17 July 1979, during the first session of the first directly-elected European Parliament, Simone Veil, the newly-elected President of the European Parliament, delivers a speech which throws the spotlight on the Parliament’s role as the driving force in the quest for European integration.