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The Srebrenica massacre

human remnants found in common graves

Update 30 August

The remains of 120 people, victims of the Srebrenica slaughter, were exhumed from 8 mass graves in Zalazje, not far from the scene of the murder.

11 July
The Srebrenica slaughterhouse
15 years after ethnic cleansing in the former Yugoslavia

On 11 July 1995, in the area protected by the blue helmets, Bosnian Serb forces carried out the massacre of more than 8,000 Muslim men and boys. In the fifteenth anniversary of the bloodshed a historic verdict of the Hague Court condemns the executioners.
Still at large is general Ratko Mladic, among the guilty for the slaughter. In the meanwhile the world witnessed the start of the excavations in the Zalazje site, which may be one of the biggest mass graves of Srebrenica victims, probably first buried elsewhere and then exhumed and brought to some other place to conceal the massacre.


TIMELINE

May 1992 - thousands people take refuge in Srebrenica to escape the assault of the Serbian forces.

9 July 1995 - upon order of Karadzic the town is attacked by the Serbian Bosnians led by general Ratko Mladic.

11 July 1995 - the army blocks 600 blue helmets and seizes the area that the UN, in compliance with resolution 819, vowed to protect.

13-15 July 1995 - Mladic militias separate men from women, children and elderlies. According to the official reports 8372 men and boys are murdered.

November 1995 - the corpses are hidden in mass graves. Uptil now it has been possible to identify 6414 corpses.


FURTHER INSIGHTS

Videos
Interview to Svetlana Broz, in www.euronews.net

Books
Postcards from the grave, by Emir Suljagic. Saqi Books, 2005

Articles
What stands in the way of Bosnian reconciliation, from the Guardian



Srebrenica: 11 July - Commemoration. 40,000 people rallied to remember the genocide.

Berlin: 11 July - The pillar of shame. A statue exposed at the Brandenburg Gate in memory of the fifteenth anniversari of Srebrenica.

Syracuse, New York State: 11 July - Mayor address. Commemoration and mayoral speech in the presence of Bosnian refugees.

Bozen: 12 July - Esma’s secret. From 9.00 a.m. uninterrupted screening of Jasmila Zbanic’s movie. Association for the Threatened Peoples (Associazione Popoli Minacciati), Viale Marconi 5.

31 August 2010

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Ethnic cleansing

in the former Yugoslavia

The federal Yugoslavia was formed by six republics (Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Macedonia) and two autonomous regions united to Serbia (Kosovo and Vojvodina). As Tito died in 1980, there was a breakout of political tensions which resulted in the civil war between the different republics that formed the federal State.
From 1990 to 1999, with a precedent in 1989, when Serbia opposed Kosovo independence, the clashing forces used repeatedly ethnic cleansing in order to prevail. The data on the breadth of the mass murder are still provisional: the continuous discovery of mass graves makes it difficult to estimate it. Certain massacres, like the Srebrenica Massacre in 1995 in which the Serbs killed nearly 8000 Bosniak men and assaulted the remaining women, are historically infamous and provoked an international response.. The genocides were far from one sided, as most sides in the conflict attempted to eradicate the other through ethnic cleansing. These brutal attempts of homogenizing the country were inspired by extreme nationalism. The destabilization in the face of Tito's death provoked each ethnicity to vie for total control of the territory and ethnic purity.  The ensuing Yugoslav Wars where characterized by this type of violent ethnic conflict and consequently this series of conflicts is known as the bloodiest conflict in Europe since World War 2. By 1995, nearly 100,000 people had been killed during this genocide.

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