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Ethnic Cleansing in the Balkans

Divjak freed on bail - announcement from Austria

Jovan Divjak, a former General of the Bosnian Army and an exemplary figure in the war in ex Yugoslavia, was arrested  in Vienna on a warrant issued by Belgrade concerning alleged crimes committed in 1992. The former general has been set free after payment of a 500,000-euro bail. The detention was revoked but extradition itself is a matter of judgement for the Korneuburg tribunal, instead.

The Srebrenica massacre - human remnants found in common graves

The remains of 120 people, victims of the Srebrenica slaughter, were exhumed from 8 mass graves in Zalazje, not far from the scene of the murder.

Srebrenica, it was genocide

First two convictions for genocide. The Srebrenica massacre must be considered as an episode in the framework of a plan aiming at carrying out genocide. 15 years after the bloodshed the Court sentences the seven officers of the Serbian-Bosnian army accused of crimes against the humankind, violation of war customs and genocide.

Ethnic cleansing

in the former Yugoslavia

The federal Yugoslavia was formed by six republics (Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Macedonia) and two autonomous regions united to Serbia (Kosovo and Vojvodina). As Tito died in 1980, there was a breakout of political tensions which resulted in the civil war between the different republics that formed the federal State.
From 1990 to 1999, with a precedent in 1989, when Serbia opposed Kosovo independence, the clashing forces used repeatedly ethnic cleansing in order to prevail. The data on the breadth of the mass murder are still provisional: the continuous discovery of mass graves makes it difficult to estimate it. Certain massacres, like the Srebrenica Massacre in 1995 in which the Serbs killed nearly 8000 Bosniak men and assaulted the remaining women, are historically infamous and provoked an international response.. The genocides were far from one sided, as most sides in the conflict attempted to eradicate the other through ethnic cleansing. These brutal attempts of homogenizing the country were inspired by extreme nationalism. The destabilization in the face of Tito's death provoked each ethnicity to vie for total control of the territory and ethnic purity.  The ensuing Yugoslav Wars where characterized by this type of violent ethnic conflict and consequently this series of conflicts is known as the bloodiest conflict in Europe since World War 2. By 1995, nearly 100,000 people had been killed during this genocide.

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Emir Kusturica 's film about the construction and the dissolution of Jugoslavia

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Hasan Nuhanovic

the accuser of Srebrenica