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The US thank Armenia

for honouring Clara Barton

Clara Barton (picture of rhe Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute in Armenia)

Clara Barton (picture of rhe Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute in Armenia)

US Secretary of State wrote to the Director of the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute based in Yerevan Dr. Demoyan to thank him for the honours bestowed on US citizen Clara Barton and express the wish to work together in the future. 

On 23 May the Museum awarded a Gold Medal in memory of the American nurse who rescued the Armenians after the 1896 massacres in the Ottoman Empire. 

"The angel of the battlefield", as the benefactress was called, also write a book about the mission carried out under the flags of the Red Cross in the Armenian territories. The book was presented on the same occasion, in the presence of the US Ambassador to Armenia, His Excellency John Heffner

Clara Barton had been the first American woman to run a significant entity: she had founded the American branch of the International Red Cross. Other than in the civil war which tore the USA between 1861 and 1865, she volunteered in her homecountry as well as abroad. In particular she earned the gratitude of the Armenians, hit by famine and typhus following the socalled "hamidian" massacres (after the name of the then sultan of the Ottoman Empire) in 1896. Her mission met many obstacles because the US was tempted many times from suspending the rescue operations to to the opposition of the Ottoman officers. 

The gratitude of Armenians is expressed by the burial of her ashes in the Wall of Memory at the Hill of Swallows, where the Righteous for this persecuted people are remembered. It is the first time that the Museum-Institute honours somebody who rescued the Armenians before the Metz Yeghern or "Great Evil", i.e. the properly called Armenian genocide (1915).

28 September 2012

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Metz Yeghern

the genocide of the Armenians

In the framework of first world war (1914-1918), in the area of the Ottoman Empire, in Turkey, we witness the unfolding of the genocide of the Armenian people (1915 – 1923), the first of the Twentieth century. Through it the government of the "Young Turks", which seized power in 1908, carried out the elimination of the Armenian ethnic group, which has inhabited the Anatolic area since the Seventh century b.C..
In the memory of the Armenian people, and also according to the historian's estimates, two thirds of the Armenians of the Ottoman Empire, nearly 1,500,000 people, perished. Many were the children forced to convert to Islam and the women sent to the harems. The deportation and extermination of 1915 were preceded by the pogroms of 1894-96 planned by Sultan Abdul Hamid II and by those of 1909 carried out by the government of the "Young Turks".

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Pinar Selek

Turkish sociologist and peace and human rights activist