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Simon Wiesenthal, a new biography - the life of the "Nazi hunter"

Historian Tom Segev wrote a book about the Holocaust survivor entitled Simon Wiesenthal: The Life and Legends

New call from Vaclav Havel - for the release of Liu Xiaobo

Former President of the Czech Republic Havel and South African Archbishop Tutu ask for the liberation of Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo in a Washington Post article. In their opinion China can "stand on the side of justice, free Liu Xiaobo and immediately end the house arrest imposed on his wife".

Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and Stalin - important book on totalitarianism

Publication in the US of Timothy Snyder's book Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin by Basic Book. A review in the Economist.

According to the author, "Hitler and Stalin thus shared a certain politics of tyranny: they brought about catastrophes, blamed the enemy of their choice, and then used the death of millions to make the case that their policies were necessary or desirable".

"Mayors for peace" founded in Milan - a movement for the Israeli-Palestinian peace

A seminar held in Milan on 13 October in presence of 14 Israeli and Palestinian mayors and the town's highest representatives led to the decision to create a common coordination of mayors of the two ethnicities and to organize a great meeting of Israeli and Palestinian mayors in Ashkelon.

Tien An Men's Mother Courage arrested - the denounciation of Liu Xiaobo's wife

Ding Zilin, the Courage Mother of 1989, was arrested. She had recently declared: "The condemnation of Liu Xiaobo marked the beginning of the moral collapse of the Communist regime, but after the Prize we know the process is irreversible". The Nobel Prize laureate's wife invited the international community via Twitter to keep focused on the woman's fate. Interview inside.

Sakineh, her son and lawyer arrested

The son and the lawyer of Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani have been jailed. Iran wants the upper-hand on the case of the woman rescued from stoning thanks to the international mobilization, but still risking hanging. No more news about the two men, who were releasing an interview when they were held.

Persecutions, torture, massacres

the violation of human rights

Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, approved in Paris by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948, states: "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood".The day before the General Assembly itself had approved in New York the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, which was defined as the intentional destruction, as a whole or in part, of"a national, ethnical, racial or religious group", with the well-known exclusion of the political groups due to the opposition of the Eastern Bloc countries, which feared being charged for persecuting their foes (the so-called enemies of the people who were condemned to forced labour in the Gulag camps).

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