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Nobel Prize, empty chair for Liu Xiaobo - no one will represent the laureate

On 10 December in Oslo no one will be able to receive the medal and the 1,5 million dollar grant won by the signatory of Charter '08 Liu Xiaobo. His place will be left empty as a sign of condemnation of the government's serious behaviour. Five nations will not take part in the ceremony following Beijing's pressure.

No pardon for Asia Bibi - the High Court upheld the measure

Pakistan, Christian woman sentenced to death, she is charged with blasphemy.
The new Sakineh is 37 years old. The sentence comes after a discussion with some of her colleagues. There are numerous calls for her release from all over the world. All acts of the investigation regarding Asia Bibi were reviewed by Pakistan's Minister of Religious Minorities but she will not be pardoned according to her lawyer. The Country's Supreme Court seeks an appeal ruling that makes any clemency act superflous.

Empty boxcars for the Bulgarian Jews - documentary by Ed Gaffney

World premiere in Sofia of Empty Boxcars, the documentary by Edward Gaffney about the fate of Bulgarian Jews during World War II. The movie also describes the role of some figures opposing Nazi persecution, such as Dimitar Peshev and Metropolitan Stephan.

London, Sharia taught in Saudi schools

A BBC inquiry reveals that pupils are explained how hands and feet are cut off from thieves, homosexuals are punished and students are required to list the "reproachable" features of the Jewish people.

Rape is a weapon in Congo war - a doctor and a victim bear witness

Raped women are 600 only on the border between Congo and Angola. Gynaecologist Denis Mukwege built a hospital in the East where he operated more than 20,000 of them. One of the victim says: "We are proud and we can still hold our heads high".

Holocaust denial forbidden by law? - the debate in Italy and Europe

The declarations of a denialist professor during a lesson at the University of Teramo in Italy stirred many reactions. Among them, Riccardo Pacifici proposed to pass a law against historical revisionism. We interviewed French historian Yves Ternon.

Persecutions, torture, massacres

the violation of human rights

Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, approved in Paris by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948, states: "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood".The day before the General Assembly itself had approved in New York the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, which was defined as the intentional destruction, as a whole or in part, of"a national, ethnical, racial or religious group", with the well-known exclusion of the political groups due to the opposition of the Eastern Bloc countries, which feared being charged for persecuting their foes (the so-called enemies of the people who were condemned to forced labour in the Gulag camps).

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