Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous GariwoNetwork

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Memory

Questions about memory

Today, public remembrance is facing other challenges, as we have seen recently in Italy. We talk about the Nazi past but try to separate it from the current history of the country. An answer to this all came from Liliana Segre, when she remembered that we should not compare the Racist Laws to what is happening today, but that the mechanisms of indifference are very similar. The Senator has talked in the spirit of Primo Levi: we forget and repress the past only when we do not look at the present.


Istvan Bibo, the greatest Hungarian democracy fighter

István Bibó has been the greatest democratic thinker of the Twentieth Century. Jurist, political scientist, essayist, scholar specialised in the problems of democracy in Hungary and Central Europe, was a free spirit who anticipated in his essays the subject of human, ethnic and social rights in Hungary.


Simone Veil at the European Parliament

On 17 July 1979, during the first session of the first directly-elected European Parliament, Simone Veil, the newly-elected President of the European Parliament, delivers a speech which throws the spotlight on the Parliament’s role as the driving force in the quest for European integration.


Simone Veil honoured with Pantheon burial

"And when she decided to be a testimony of her deportation, it was first to pay homage to the Righteous of France. She rose against those who portrayed a France won by the antisemitic delusions of HITLER, PETAIN and LAVAL, to recall the incredible and spontaneous courage of those French families who, at the risk of their lives, had hidden Jews children, saving them from persecution and an atrocious death", by Emmanuel Macron. 


Conversation with Gyorgy Litvan on Istvan Bibo

Following we repropose some passages of the conversation that Gariwo Chairman Mr Gabriele Nissim had in 1999 in Budapest with Gyorgy Litvan, a Hungarian historian, friend and fellow inmate of Istvan Bibo. They deliver us the portrait of a man, Bibo, of great intelligence and moral strength, "the very embodiment of conscience".


The intellectual and moral struggle of Istvan Bibo

In 2000, in Padova, Istvan Bibo's daughter-in-law brought her testimony to remember the figure of the Righteous, critical conscience of the nation during both totalitarianisms. We report some of the steps of his speech, which is available in its entirety in the box.


Memory

Remember the past in order to build a future

The International Committee of the Armenian Righteous. Memory is the Future was founded by Piero Kuciukian in order to commemorate those who went against the genocide of 1915. The title emphasises the function of the memory, which is not a nostalgic look back in history, but a a clear sense of the past to build a future without making old mistakes.
The memory has many solutions and presents conflicting results, either positive or negative depending on how it is treated. Reflections on the previous events help us to understand the present, which means to search for the coordinates that allow us to interpret new situations with awareness of the dangers or opportunities that are triggered by certain mechanisms such as cultural, social and individual. The experience of the genocides of the twentieth century, the phenomenon of totalitarianism, resulted in the devastating world war, the balance of power during the Cold War, provide very precise indications on the geopolitical hegemony and humanitarian frifts to be avoided, while the example of the Righteous, their varied efforts on behalf of the persecuted, the demand for freedom, independence of thought and the instance of the defense of human dignity, are to be taken to avoid the pitfalls of arrogance, denial of truth, the rejection of diversity, closing the other, unilateral decision.

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Multimedia

Theatrical show based on Gabriele Nissim's books

Il Memorioso. Short guide to the memory of Good