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Fundamentalism and terrorism

Ideology and violence against human rights

2011 Arab spring in Maghreb and anti-governative demostrations, firmly repressed in blood, in Iran (and Syria, Yemen, Bahrein and other Middle East countries later on) determined the political defeat of the Qaedist movement headed by Osama Bin Laden, meanwhile traced in Pakistan and killed in his hideaway during the US special forces assault.

11th September 2001 meant a deep turn in the relations between West and Islam, because of the increasing diffidence in mutual perception. On the one hand, an increasing distance of the population to the immigrants’ needs and a serious growth of xenophobic forces spread in West countries, under the jihadist terrorism siege: after New York, the same fate concerned London and Madrid citizens. On the other hand, because of the American war in Afghanistan, but above all in Iraq, an explosive anti-American, anti-Israeli and, generally, a feeling against West diffused between Arabs and Middle East Muslims, more and more close to Hamas positions in Palestinian territories and Hezbollah ones in Libano. In addition, extremists took the power in Iraq, while Ahmadinejad swept up internal opposition, defeating the Green Wave dissent and incited the tones and provocations against US and Israel, to the point of denying Shoah several times.

Moderate Islam had little space to explain its reasons, hand on its message of dialogue and listening, involve uncertain and confused people, dazed by the extremists ideological tam-tam, whereas only a few people hit by terrorism accepted to make a distinction and make deep analysis, worsening the gap of uncommunicability.

The Jihadist project underwent a firm stop in front of the youngsters requests for freedom from the authoritarian governments oppression, in order to assert their longing for future, freedom and welfare for everyone. Globalization had a huge role in this, with its technological turn of communication, which allowed online free debate about the freedom request and the human rights respect - even if a stable outcome of such processes is not predictable and new extremists tentations are always in ambush.

Kamikaze pilots against Twin Towers, human bombers in the street of Tel-Aviv, Tamil Tigers assaults in Sri Lanka, Ira attacks to civil protestants in the North of Ireland, Eta attempts in the Basque Country - just to mention the terrorism diffusion in different situations worlwide - highlight the common element between who chooses violence as a form of political fight, without esitating to involve innocent victims in a criminal and political plan with an ideological base: a higher purpose of defeating the enemy, morally justified by the brutality of the rival (the State which represses, the occupant army that tortures, paramilitary groups that kill).

The ideology strength is its weakness at one time: to identify an enemy you need to fight in as many ways as possible, allows to enlinst for the fight much volunteers, making them un-sensitive to any fundamental human values. In the end, it is worthwhile: it doesn’t build a future for the whole of the Humanity - it builds up a strongly partial defence which looses the contact with reality and the primary aim which was its first drive.

Ideology and violence are the two faces of the same medal; both showed their worst in totalitarian systems, incunabulum of the most atrocious crimes against Humanity. In the new Century, we need to repel renovated fundamentalism new, unknown shortcuts, by giving the youngsters positive examples on who didn’t let himself be involved by the sirens of a false advocate of “Absolute Good”, on whose altar sacrify the fundamental principle of a human being: the respect of life and dignity.

The request for more freedom and democracy for everyone, everywhere, combined with the personal responsability and the ability to be indipendent-minded and sympatethic in the soul, is the unique antidote to the ever-repeating extremist ideologies faults: in order not to stop listening to the voice of conscience and reason, together, without being blinded by millenarian promises and false myths disjointed to truth.

If the future is in the hands of new generations, the testimony of the Righteous, able to stand against persecutions and all sorts of violence, is the unique benchmark in condition to pledge the survival of human values in the comparison between past and presence.

Don’t miss the story of the Righteous and the memory of Good

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