1859 - 1950
he broke the silence in order to bear witness to the Armenian tragedy
Giacomo Gorrini was a diplomat and an intellectual, with several degrees to his name. He was also a university lecturer and the founder of the Diplomatic Archives at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 1915, while in Turkey as Consul General of Italy in Trabzon, he witnessed the deportation and massacre of Armenians. His efforts to rescue the victims were interrupted because of the outbreak of World War I. Forced to return to Rome, he made every effort to denounce the genocide. Appointed ambassador of the first Republic of Armenia from 1918 to 1920, he supported with the highest possible committment the Armenian cause internationally. In 1940, at the age of 80, while the world was on the brink of catastrophe, he published a book of first-hand accounts of the Armenian question, calling on international justice to acknowledge the genocide and the rights of the Armenian people.Since 12 April 2010 a tree and a stone have been dedicated to Giacomo Gorrini in the Garden of the Righteous Worldwide in Milan.
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Righteous for the Armenians
remembered in the Wall of Remembrance of Yerevan
Every year on 24 April, the anniversary of the outbreak of Metz Yeghérn (the "Great Evil", that is to say the genocide against the Armenian people in 1915-1916) Armenians remember their rescuers with a procession to Dzidzernagapert, the “Hill of Swallows”, where the Mausoleum in memory of the victims of extermination was erected.
Since 1996 the ashes or the grave earth of the Righteous and rescuers or witnesses who tried to stop the massacres or risked their lives to denounce the Young Turks' genocidal plan and its execution are interred in the Remembrance Wall.
Pietro Kuciukian, founder of the International Committee of the Righteous for the Armenians,has been researching the Righteous figures into the survivors' pieces of testimony, the tales of their children, the writings by the eyewitnesses, the diplomatic documents and the broad literature that accompanies the events related to this genocide. He retraces their walks of life, he revives their memory by visiting the places where they are buried, he meets with the relatives and descendants who keep family memories of great intensity and then he transports their ashes or handfuls of their burial earth on the "Hill of Swallows" of Yerevan. The stones with the names of the "RIghteous for the Armenians", gathered in the Wall of Remembrance, are the tangible sign of the gratitude of the Armenian people and take on a universal kind of exemplary value.