People recognized as Righteous
- Carlo Angela he rescued several people in the hospital where he worked
- Giacomo Bassi faking the documents he saved several jews by the deportation
- Ho Feng Shan the first diplomat that saved Jews by issuing them visas to escape the Holocaust
- Italian Righteous among the Nations they helped the Jews by disobeying "racial laws"
- Jan Karski he tried in vain to warn the Great Powers about the genocide against the Jews
- Carl Lutz Swiss diplomat
- Giovanni Palatucci the police officer in Fiume who helped several Jews
- Giorgio Perlasca presenting himself as spanish Ambassador in Hungary he saved 5218 Jews
- Lorenzo Perrone in Auschwitz, he helped the Italian writer Primo Levi
- Dimitar Peshev he rescued 48,000 Bulgarian Jews from deportation
- Irena Sendler the Polish nurse who saved 2500 Jewish children
- Metropolitan Stephan one of the most charismatic representatives of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church
- Oddo Stocco, parish priest at San Zenone degli Ezzelini the priest who saved the lives of 50 Jews with the help of the whole village
- Refik Veseli and his family Albanians from Kruja
- Raoul Wallenberg the Swedish diplomat who rescued thousands Jews in Hungary
- Armin T. Wegner He warned the leaders of his time to stop genocide against the Armenians and the Jews
Righteous among the Nations in the Holocaust
remembered in Yad Vashem's Garden of the Righteous
In the 50es, the State of Israel established Yad Vashem, Jerusalem's Mausoleum to remember the victims of the "final solution" planned by Hitler. At the beginning of the 60es, the "Righteous Commission" was established, with the task of bestowing the title of "Righteous among the Nations" on the non Jews who rescued Jews during Nazi persecution. Inside Yad Vashem the "Garden of the Righteous" with an avenue in which every tree is dedicated to a different Righteous, was set up. Over the past year, due to a lack of room, the trees were replaced with the carving of the Righteous' names into the walls enclosing the garden.
The Commission, chaired for nearly 30 years by the judge of the Constitutional Court Moshe Bejski, has recognized and documented until now about 20,000 Righteous. Out of them we picked some.
Nonetheless, as Bejski used to recall, the Righteous are many more than that and the duty of the Commission is that of identifying and awarding them before the passing of time makes the pieces of testimony and the other documental evidence of their rescue deeds vanish. The Italian case shows that this concern of Bejsky was well-founded: the high number of Jews who escaped the "final solution" is not compatible with the few Righteous recognized in Jerusalem (nearly 500 at the end of 2011).
This is why it is important to identify the cases that have remained unknown and activate the proceeding at the Commission to start the inquiry leading to more assignments of the title of "Righteous among the nations".