Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous

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Rescuers

The 50 martyrs who try to save Japan - near Fukushima reactors

Fifty people are probably bound to die. They are the technicians who are working on the Fukushima reactors trying to bring them into safety. These workers are the only people remained near the plant and are exposed to an enormous dose of radiations.


Hiding, sheltering and borrowing identities - a meeting in Jerusalem

From 19 to 21 December 2010 Yad Vashem held a conference discussing the issue of rescue in the Holocaust. A considerable effort was made to explore and redefine acquired knowledge of Righteous among the Nations. Other topics include the moral mindset and fates of saviours who faced punishment for their deeds.


Paying the ultimate price - the Ukrainan peasant who was killed by nationalists

Vasiuta Wegrzynowska was a poor widow who lived in the small village of Zahajpol in Ukraine. In the Thirties she worked as a hired hand for the Jewish Helper family, Maks and Henya Helper. At the end of 1944 she was murdered with her childen by a gang of nationalists.


Vladimir Kurtev Righteous among the Nations - for helping rescue the Bulgarian Jews

As a member of a citizen delegation, he fought against the deportation of Jews by meeting the Parliament's Vicepresident Mr. Peshev and the Minister of Internal Affairs Mr. Gabrovski. The tale of the rescue of Bulgaria's Jews by Dimitar Peshev is recounted in the book L'uomo che fermò Hitler (The Man Who Stopped Hitler) by Gabriele Nissim.


The file on Gino Bartali at Yad Vashem - with the testimony of a woman from Florence

The champion kept forged documents hidden under the saddle and in the crossbar of his bycicle and delivered them to the fleeing Jews. His file opened in Jerusalem. It could end up with the recognition of Gino Bartali as a Righteous among the Nations.


Farewell to Miep Gies - she saved Anne Frank's diary

The woman who hid the Franks and found the young writer's notebooks has passed away. She was one of the most important Holocaust witnesses.


Rescuers

whoever saves a life saves the entire world

In Yad Vashem's Memorial, in Jerusalem, the Garden of the Righteous remembers those who tried to rescue the Jews in the Holocaust: those who hidd them, helped them expatriate with forged documents, nourished them or gave them a job; those who, seeing them suffer, helped them somehow instead of remaining indifferent.In Yerevan's Wall of Remembrance the memorial stones remember the rescuers of Armenians during the genocide of 1915, those who tried to stop the massacre, refused to obey orders, sheltered children, reported the extermination that was occurring beneath their hopeless eyes to the world's public opinion.
In 1994 in Rwanda, some Tutsies who were hunted by the interahamwe militias were protected by neighbours, friends - some times strangers, too - belonginf to the Hutu ethnic group, who refused participating in the "man hunt" with machetes that had been planned by other Hutus to exterminate the country's Tutsi minority.
While ethnic cleansing was ravaging Bosnia leading to the murder of thousands innocent victims some people trying to escape the massacre were helped in the same way by neighbours, school mates, friends, or strangers, who were members of other ethnic groups.
Still todate, in many places in the world, there are such rescuers who risk and sometimes lose their lives in the attempt of helping the victims, and become victims themselves. Other times they lose their jobs, wellbeing, social status or they are imprisoned, tortured, cast out. At any rate, even before starting their endeavours, they know they run a serious risk, but they prefer doing so rather than bearing the weigh of remorse for remaining indifferent for the rest of their lives. Everytime by their action they "save the entire world", as stands in the Talmud.