Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous

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Rescuers

The first Arab to become a Righteous

Mohamed Helmy, born in Khartoum in 1901, was a doctor in Berlin. Fired after the passing of the racial laws, he hid a Jewish girl, Anna Boros, and her family, in a hut he owned in the outskirts of Berlin.  


Racing to save lives

Yad Vashem's account of the rescue deeds performed by Italian road cyclist Gino Bartali, who brought into safety more than 800 Jews during the Nazi occupation. 


The struggle to have a Peshev Plaza in DC

 Interview with Washington City Council Member Neil Glick  who is fighting to name a Washington square after the Bulgarian Righteous Dimitar Peshev, the rescuer of 48,000 Jews in Bulgaria. 


Palatucci and the normality of Good

Gariwo chairman Gabriele Nissim discusses the Italian police officer who was credited with rescuing 5,000 Jews in fascist-occupied Fiume (now Rijeka, Croatia) in the light of new US research denying such myth. Societies should not look for superheroes to celebrate goodness, he argues. Palatucci was a Righteous even if he rescued only a few families.


Honouring Dimitar Peshev in Washington

The Bulgarian embassy’s request to dedicate a crossroad in Washington to Dimitar Peshev sparked a fierce discussion, due to the fear of revisionists attempts to redefine Bulgaria's role in the Holocaust. Gabriele Nissim, Gariwo chairman and author of book L'uomo che fermò Hitler (the man who stopped Hitler) about Peshev, wrote a letter to DC Council Chairman Dr. Phil Mendelson


José Castellanos, the Schindler from El Salvador

Tale of the Salvadorean consul who after rescuing a friend accepted to distribute passports to save many more people in Switzerland, putting his diplomatic career at risk.  


Rescuers

whoever saves a life saves the entire world

In Yad Vashem's Memorial, in Jerusalem, the Garden of the Righteous remembers those who tried to rescue the Jews in the Holocaust: those who hidd them, helped them expatriate with forged documents, nourished them or gave them a job; those who, seeing them suffer, helped them somehow instead of remaining indifferent.In Yerevan's Wall of Remembrance the memorial stones remember the rescuers of Armenians during the genocide of 1915, those who tried to stop the massacre, refused to obey orders, sheltered children, reported the extermination that was occurring beneath their hopeless eyes to the world's public opinion.
In 1994 in Rwanda, some Tutsies who were hunted by the interahamwe militias were protected by neighbours, friends - some times strangers, too - belonginf to the Hutu ethnic group, who refused participating in the "man hunt" with machetes that had been planned by other Hutus to exterminate the country's Tutsi minority.
While ethnic cleansing was ravaging Bosnia leading to the murder of thousands innocent victims some people trying to escape the massacre were helped in the same way by neighbours, school mates, friends, or strangers, who were members of other ethnic groups.
Still todate, in many places in the world, there are such rescuers who risk and sometimes lose their lives in the attempt of helping the victims, and become victims themselves. Other times they lose their jobs, wellbeing, social status or they are imprisoned, tortured, cast out. At any rate, even before starting their endeavours, they know they run a serious risk, but they prefer doing so rather than bearing the weigh of remorse for remaining indifferent for the rest of their lives. Everytime by their action they "save the entire world", as stands in the Talmud.