The author of The Yacoubian Building and Cairo Automobile Club, two books that tell about the life of the Egyptians since the time of the British rule on, released an interview to French daily Le Monde.
In it, the writer, who firmly opposed al Sisi and is thus no more published in his home country, denounced the lack of a true freedom of speech in Egypt. "All those whose names are linked to the Revolution are in my same situation", he said.
Alaa al-Aswany recounts a picaresque Egypt, in which powerful people, humble peasants, women of all walks of life, intellectuals and even eccentric gays interweave their lives suggesting that there is a reality, especially in urban centres, that defies the stereotypes about the Muslim world. The author was often threatened by Islamist fundamentalists because, although he criticised the indiscriminate crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood, links its success with the contradictions of society, unemployment, political upheavals that do not leave hope to the young people and even the hypocrisy of some imams.
In the interview,the writer, who decided to remain in Cairo "ready to bear all consequences" of reminding, in books like Religious extremism and dictatorship, that "the only solution is democracy", says that al Sisi's consensus, the consensus to a man "whom no one wanted to go on power", is based on the widespread fear that Egypt becomes like Yemen or Syria.
Alaa al-Aswany, who though had always criticised Morsi, is today "against any death sentence". He refuses the violence of Islamist extremists and reminds us that, before the Muslim Brotherhood was founded, "the Egyptian constitution recognised freedom of worship. We had very famous Jewish comedians. We were very proud and no one thought of veiling women. This secularism resisted until the oil shock of 1973. Then the wahabis, with the oil revenues, found themselves with many more means that he had ever had. This is what I personally saw in Tahrir square during the revolution, when copts and muslims prayed side by side".
What is the future of the Arab spring?
Our model is the French revolution. It is no 90' long football match, it will take time. The situation in France 5 years before the revolution was a hell, but then doors for the whole humanity were opened. We can make it through some reforms, a new government... and an inner transformation of people. The Egyptians who lived under Mubarak have changed now. Young people, 60% of the population, have a worldview which is completely different from theirs. They will not accept compromise with the dictatorship, because they paid too high a price in terms of deaths and wounded people".