Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous

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Walesa, Man of Hope

new movie about Andrzej Wajda

The movie poster

The movie poster

The Polish director devoted his most challenging, widely known as beautiful movie Man of Hope to the moral figure of Lech Walesa, former Solidarity leader and first President of Poland after the collapse of communism. "I won because I suprised the communists, I surprised Yeltsin, I surprised many presidents" said Walesa in London at the premiere of his biopic. 

The movie deals with the founder of Solidarity as he is struggling against the communist power in the Seventies and explores his relationship with his wife Danuta. The actor playing his role, Robert Wieckiewicz, met with Walesa only after the release of the movie.  


He said his acting was made difficult both by the fact that "Walesa has a great inner anger" and by the fact such a pivotal figure in Polish history is very controversial. "Today he is seen by somebody as a 'hero' and others as a 'traitor'". 


22 October 2013

Eastern Europe dissent

the truth against the lies of totalitarianism

The so called dissent in Eastern European communist regimes cannot be downplayed to a simple connotation of "opposition" as its definition would suggest, but must be viewed above all as the attempt to build a parallel polis based on every citizen's responsibility and aimed at occupying the spaces of cultural, social and human freedom wrought from the totalitarian regime into the social fabric.  The members of Charter 77 in Czechoslovakya and Solidarnosc in Poland, like Vaclav Havel, Radim Palous, Jacek Kuron, Adam Michnik, have always underlined that "the power of the powerless" consists in defeating fear through the strength created by coilectively assuming one's responsibilities, as proven by the exhortation to "live the truth" in a society based on lie. Their "dissent" has very often consisted in calling for the enforcement of the laws, such as the one about freedom of conscience, and the international accords subscribed by their countries, such as the Helsinki Accords
These stances have given rise to a broad movement which was able to condition the behaviour and mentality of the public opinion, up to the point in which - except in Romania - the totalitarian system was overturned in a peaceful way, without shedding blood, by a new leading class recognized by the majority of the population which is ready to take up the responsibility for public affairs.

Insight

The power of the powerless

Not only dissent - the "parallel polis" in Eastern Europe

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Robert Havemann

German scientist who worked tirelessly against the Nazi Regime and later Soviet totalitarianism