Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous

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Dialogue and Reconciliation

Armenians and Turks are testing dialogue opportunities

On 98th anniversary of Armenian genocide, there are two top news about dialogue between Turks and Armenians. The former is that the Museum of genocide dedicates a section to the memory of the Turkish and Kurdish Righteous; secondly, a delegation of the Armenian diaspora officially takes part in the commemorations of April, 24 in Istanbul.


A “hopeless" kind of heroism?

Gariwo Chairman Mr. Gabriele Nissim explores the frontier of the moral resistants of Kosow, who appeared to have been defeated by the Nazis. Instead, through the European Day of the Righteous and a suggested take by Yad Vashem, they could be the winners of the future.


Ms. Holland's imperfect Righteous

The New York Times reviews the movie about Leopold Socha, "a petty thief with a prison record" who overturned his choice from robbing to rescuing Jews. 


7 new Righteous honoured in Poland

The title of Righteous among the nations was bestowed posthumously on Agnieszka Kaniut and Maria Kałuża, who rescued two Jewish sisters during the Holocaust. Also members of the Matacz family -LeokadiaMariannaStefanHelena and Mieczysław - have been posthumously honoured, for rescuing a mother and son who escaped the Warsaw ghetto. 


"The Righteous become universal"

July 2nd France remembers the State's fascist crimes and Righteous who stood against them. For this occasion, French newspaper Pèlerin interviewed Gabriele Nissim, Gariwo Chairman and promoter of the call for the European Day of the Righteous, and philosopher Christophe Bouton, Philosophy professor at the University of Bordeaux III, member of the University Institute of France. 


The Memory of the Righteous and the identity of Europe

“Righteous” has become a symbol to remind us of heroes of all genocides and totalitarian regimes who had the courage to defend human dignity and to protect lives. The meaning of the EU Parliament decision relates to one of the most fundamental value of European culture, namely the importance of human life  and one’s own personal responsibility and dignity. 


Dialogue and reconciliation

it is the Righteous, rather than the victims or the persecutors. to speak to the future generations

In the torn social fabric of a country where a genocide case or other crimes against the humankind have occurred, it is very difficult, even after many years, to resume a kind of dialogue to re-establish relationships and rebuild civil coexistence between the victims - including survivors or their relatives, refugees and their heirs - and the persecutors, accomplices or passive bystanders. To this we should add the role of the State, its officials and government members, who often try to deny what occurred and refuse taking up the - however apparent - responsibilities of the massacres. Only the reaction and heeding ability of those who have not bowed their heads to the uniformation of behaviour within the group of the persecutors and have refused to conform to a conduct which conscience cannot approve, can allow people to resume a kind of communication which is able to combine the need for truth and the assumption of responsibility with an opening to future hope and a shared project-making. The Righteous are the only ones who have what it takes to do that.

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Hrant Dink

journalist who promoted dialogue and reconciliation between Turks and Armenians