Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous

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Civil Courage

Vaclav Havel, the great young character that Europe misses

On 5 October, Vaclav Havel would have turned 80. We owe him the struggle against resignation in Prague after the Soviet invasion of 1968, the birth of the Charter 77 movement, the end of communism in Czechoslovakia,the painless divorce between Czech and Slovaks after 1989, at the same time as the bloody war between the nations in the former Yugoslavia broke out, and the reunification of Europe that had been split by Moscow's imperial policy.


One more year without Razan Zaitouneh

On past 29 April, too, Razan Zaitouneh's family celebrated her birthday without her, demanding justice and working to make sure the thousands cases like hers will not be forgotten.


​Toscanini: his love of freedom and courage to act

On 22 January, at Auditorium Parco della Musica in Rome, a tree will dedicated to Arturo Toscanini "for his resistance against fascism and nazism and his aid to the persecuted Jewish musicians ". On 27 January the concert of the Palestine Orchestra conducted by the Maestro in 1936 will be performed again. We talked about it with Harvey Sachs, music historian and biographer of Toscanini.


Toscanini honoured as Righteous in Rome

On 22 January at noon, at Parco Auditorium della Musica in Rome, for  Holocaust Memorial Day, a tree will be planted in honour of the great musicians who helped many Jewish artists flee the Holocaust. On 27 January great concert conducted by Yoel Levi. The comments by Gabriele Nissim and the communiqué of Accademia Nazionale di S. Cecilia.


​Toscanini’s ethical lesson

Editorial by Gabriele Nissim, Gariwo Chairman

On 22 January at noon, a cork oak will be planted in honour of Arturo Toscanini in the Auditorium Parco della Musica of Rome, which on 27 January


Pakistan's Braveheart

The world mourns Aitzaz Hassan Bangish sacrificed his life to save 2,000 students from a terrorist assault. His country has a medal for courage, but it is generally bestowed on militaries, not on civilians. 


Civil courage

the strength of human dignity

Genocide cases and extreme circumstances of human rights violations, persecutions and deprivation of freedom have occurred all over the world. Those who find the courage to oppose, safeguard their own moral integrity, assessing the duty of truth, reporting the crimes against humanity and struggling to defend the founding value of civil coexistence can be defined as Righteous peopleJournalists like Sihem Bensedrine in Tunisia and writers like Gao Xingjian in China, diplomats like Enrico Calamai in Argentina and artists like Sunila Abeysekera in Sri Lanka, students like Bo Kyi in Burma and (union) activists or politicians like Maria Elena Moyano in Peru, Guillermo Chen in Guatemala, Fannie Lou Hamer in the USA, scientists, lawyers, doctors, intellectuals like Vassili Nesterenko in Belarus, Sylvie Maunga Mbanga in Congo, Halima Bashir in Darfur, Hashem Aghajari in Iran. Not to forget the prominent female figures advocating the rights of women trampled on in many world areas, like Betty Makoni in Zimbawe, Hawa Aden Mohamed in Somalia,  Khalida Toumi Messaoudi in Algeria,  Lydia Chaco in Mexico.
As well as the best-known advocates of human and civil rights like Nelson Mandela in South Africa, Aung San Suu Kyi in Burma, Anna Politkovskaja in Russia, Orhan Pamuk in Turkey, Natasha Kandic in Serbia and Svetlana Broz in Bosnia, Ayaan Hirsi Ali from Somalia, the mothers of Plaza de Mayo in Argentina. 

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Song for Nasreen Sotoudeh

Iranian dissident jailed in Evin

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Azucena Villaflor

founder of the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo