Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous

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Totalitarianism

Karol Wojtyla, Cracow's Metropolitan - personal memory by Annalia Guglielmi

Wojtyla's pontificate played a key role in the destabilization of the Eastern communist regimes until their fall. Our contributor Annalia Guglielmi met the "Polish Pope" and portrays him in the anniversary of his birth and a few days after his beatification.
Testimonies of prominent Solidarnosc leaders inside.


5 years handed down to Sannikov - a dissident and Lukashenko opponent

Andrei Sannikov was sentenced for oranizing protests against the reelection of President Lukashenko. Two years jail with probation were handed down to his wife, journalist Irina Khalip.


Trial to Andrei Sannikov opens - the Belarusian dissident risks up to 15 years

Start of the trial against Andrei Sannikov one of the candidates who challenged Lukashenko at the presidential ballots in past December. The regime of Lukashenko, who's on power since 1994, follows the footprints of the former USSR. In fact the Country's secret police is still called KGB and tries to prevent dissidents even from keeping closest family ties.


What do the Youths Know about Communism? - conference at the European Parliament

Contribution delivered at the conference about the subject "What do Young Europeans Know about Totalitarianisms?" held in the European Parliament in March 2011. Work resulted in the proposal to use the word communism for the totalitarian regimes in Central and Eastern Europe. Calling these events "stalinism" in fact would exclude the human rights violations and victimsbefore and after Stalin's rule.


Chernobyl victims honoured - 25 years on

Russian and Ukrainan authorities commemorated the 1986 disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear plant. Among the victims there were the liquidators who offered to clean up the area and a bunch of other brave men including Yuri Bandachevski and Vasily Nesterenko.


Chinese dissident Chen Guangcheng beaten up - author of a shocking video about his detention

Chen Guangcheng is a blind lawyer who is serving a term for criticizing the violence of Beijing's birth control policies. Under house arrest, he shot a video about his situation. Following release of the video the agents surveilling his house have beaten him up and denied him healthcare.


Totalitarianism

The denial of Human being in the century of ideologies

In the history of the Twentieth century two differents symmetrical phenomena that produced the worst tragic events of the century arise: Fascism, with its extreme version of Nazism, and Communism, with its extreme version of Stalinism.
Both forms of Totalitarianism were sustained by an enormous and shocking “ideal” strength that can turn itself in a material force: ideology, as a capability to provide a comprehensive view of the world able to explain every implications of human life and to confer a meaning strictly framed in that concept, that cannot be cast aside without missing its very essence. 

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