On 27 January, date of the liberation of the Auschwitz camp, the world commemorates Holocaust Memorial Day, recognised by the United Nations and marked also in Italy since 2001, following the parliamentary vote of July 2000 setting up this recurrence.
Like every year, Italian towns hold numerous initiatives to remember the victims of Nazism and the extermination of Jews.
22 January, Roma: "A tree for a man who opted for Good". Planting of a tree and unveiling of a stone dedicated to Maestro Arturo Toscanini for his commitment to struggling against fascism and nazism, that came to its apex, in 1936, with the rescue of hundred Jewish musicians with their families. Guests of the ceremony: Minister of Cultural Goods and Activities Dario Franceschini, President of the Union of the Italian Jewish Communities Renzo Gattegna and President of Gariwo Gabriele Nissim. At noon at Auditorium Parco della Musica.
23 January, Milan: within the Week of Memory at Parco Trotter, discussion "the workers of Sesto on strike... Reflections on disobedience in the face of evil " with Milena Santerini of Università Cattolica di Milano and Salvatore Pennisi for Gariwo. 09.30 a.m., former “Chiesetta del Trotter” (former Little Church of Trotter area).
26 January, Milan: the PIME centre will dedicate to the Syrian tragedy and the experience of welcoming refugees at Platform 21 of Milan Central Station the meeting "Overcoming evil, rebuilding hope ". With Stefano Pasta of Comunità di Sant'Egidio, the Syrian writer and activist Shadi Hamadi and Gabriele Nissim, Gariwo chairman. At 9 p.m., Centro Missionario Pime.
27 January, Rome: following the planting of the tree for Toscanini, under the high patronage of the President of the Italian Republic, concert for Holocaust Memorial Day "Toscanini – the courage of music", reproposing the original programme of the debut of the fully Jewish Palestine Orchestra directed by Toscanini in the evening of 26 December 1936. 8.30 p.m., Auditorium Parco della Musica - Sala Santa Cecilia, Rome.
28 Gennaio, Milan: "Graphics and memory: the Righteous speak to young people. From Jan Karski to Peppino and Felicia Impastato". The initiative, within the project “Adopt a Righteous” of the Associazione per il Giardino dei Giusti di Milano, will be formed by two parts, the former hosting the lesson of Lelio Bonaccorso, the author of the comic strip dedicated to Peppino Impastato, and the testimony of Maria Luisa Impastato, Felicia’s granddaughter, and Lorenzo Randazzo, actor who starred in the role of young Peppino in movie "I cento passi" (The Hundred Steps, i.e. the steps that separated Peppino’s home from the turf of the mafioso who would order his killing). In the second part the winners of the project “Adopt a Righteous” will present their work and will be awarded by the jury. 9.30 a.m., Teatro Elfo Puccini.
30 January, Diano San Pietro (IM): "Noisy presence in the silence of absence" – Inauguration on the square in front of the local school of plaque dedicated to "Ettore Camerino and Franca Jarach, victims of the Nazifascist dictatorship and the civic-military regime of Argentina 1976-1983"; inauguration of the bas-relief made by the SADA group; projection of the photographic exhibitions “Tragedies of human madness” and “Ausencias argentinas”. Event organised in cooperation with Gariwo – The Forest of the Righteous. 10.30 a.m.
London - On 26 Jan. the Mayor of London will host a commemoration at his official building to be broadcast by BBC on 27 Jan. In the afternoon, commemorative event at the Foreign Office for members of the diplomatic service. Professor Dan Michman from Yad Vashem will be speaking about ‘The Righteous Amongst the Nations’ as the UK theme this year is ‘Don’t Stand By’ and then Holocaust Survivor Agnes Grunwald-Spier will speak from a personal perspective.
Paris - 27 January at 9 a.m., Mémorial de la Shoah - commemoration in the Presence of President Hollande, with lighting of a memorial flame at the Arc de Triomphe at 6 p.m.
Nice - 3-5 February, discussion with exposition at Masséna Museum. Among the guests, historian Jérémy Guedj, representative of the Republic of San Marino's UNESCO Commission Patrizia di Luca and Nazi hunter Serge Klarsfeld. Under the patronage of Nice City Hall. A tribute will also be paid to the figure of Angelo Donati, an Italian rescuer of persecuted Jews during the Holocaust.
Berlin - 27 January, 11 a.m. - Deutsches Historisches Museum, commemoration with historical reflections, exhibition of lager inmates' artwork, explanations of what daily life was like during the Holocaust and how the annihilation machinery worked.
Berliner Philharmoniker - Violins of hope. In honour of Arturo Toscanini.
Always in Germany, initiatives are held for example in football fan clubs, like the one of St. Pauli Team.
New York - 25 January, opening of exhibition Holocaust by bullets at United Nations Headquarters. Full event calendar
Athens - Unveiling Ceremony of the Monument to the Greek Righteous among the Nations, which will take place at the Beth Shalom Synagogue, on January 27, 2016, at 11.00, as part of the Greek Holocaust Remembrance events. The President of the Hellenic Republic has confirmed participation
Madrid - Concert at Centro Sefarad Israel including performances of Cinco Estudios de Jazz, by Erwin Schulhoff, Jewish musician pupil of Debussy and Reger. Pour Irina, piano studio nº 16 by György Ligeti, Hungarian composer pivotal in the history of music in the Twentieth century. Yom Hashoah composition by Álvaro Muñoz and, as a conclusion, Las Cuatro Baladas by Johannes Brahms.
Dublin - National Holocaust Memorial Day on 24 January, from 6-8 p.m. - at The Round Room, Mansion House, Dawson Street.
Milan - Czech Centre (Centro Ceco). 28 January, 6.30 p.m. Meeting with Helga Weiss, Czech-Jewish artist who survived the Holocaust in Terezin and Auschwitz.