Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous

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Jewish Genocide

Holocaust Remembrance Day

World calendar of initiatives to remember Holocaust victims on the anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz camp, 27 January 1945. 


Nazis against Christmas carols

Julius Goslar refused to "clean" Christmas songs from Jewish words. He engaged in a moral and cultural battle against the regime and his own co-citizens and he was put on forced labour. It took until 1969 for him to be honoured by the Federal Republic of Germany.


Tale of Tsvetan Mumdzhiev

Steven Sage tells about the story of the Bulgarian colonel who rescued thousands forced labours during Nazi occupation. He received no medals nor honours whatsoever. Maybe he will be remembered in the future?


Joseph and Louise Materne honoured as Righteous

Yad Vashem awarded the Belgian family who rescued Zalman Shiffer, the son to a Jewish woman they did not know before.


Open letter to Hon. Mrs. Tsacheva Dangovska

President of Gariwo, the forest of the Righteous Mr. Gabriele Nissim wrote to the highest authority of the Bulgarian Parliament to suggest the remembrance not only of the brave deeds of the Bulgarian people who rescued the Jews, but also the responsibilities of King Boris and the Nazi collaborators who caused the deportation of the Jews from Thrace and Macedonia. 


The responsibilities of Bulgaria for the Holocaust

Historian Anthony Georgieff steps in the debate raised by the conference "Facing our past" to tackle a grey area of history that Sofia needs to face: its own role in the fate of the Jews from Thrace and Macedonia. Current narrative is that the Bulgarians would have "administered" the so called new lands, but did not (ethnically) "own" them. 


Shoah

the genocide of Jews

In the framework of second world war (1939-1945) Europe witnessed the genocide of the Jewish people (1941-1945). The “final solution“, the extermination of six million Jews, was planned by Hitler who had come on power in Germany in 1933. Since the publication of Mein Kampf, Hitler had planned the nationalsocialist revolution based on a racist ideology.
In the memory of the Jewish people and in the verdict that closed the works of the International Military Court, 6,000,000 victims of the extermination are estimated. As a matter of facts, the most reliable scholars including Raul Hilberg estimate about 5,200,000 victims.

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