Gariwo chairman Gabriele Nissim discusses the Italian police officer who was credited with rescuing 5,000 Jews in fascist-occupied Fiume (now Rijeka, Croatia) in the light of new US research denying such myth. Societies should not look for superheroes to celebrate goodness, he argues. Palatucci was a Righteous even if he rescued only a few families.
Claude Lanzmann presented his latest Holocaust documentary, Le dernier des injustes, about rabbi Murmelstein, who is supposed to have saved many lives, but was a suspect Nazi collaborator. Rithy Panh presents L'image manquante about the deadly fate of his family in Communist Cambodia.
Interview to Baruch Tenembaum, founder of the International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation, about the activity of Pope Roncalli in favor of the Jewish community during the Shoah and about the candidacy of the pontiff as Righteous Among the Nations.
The Bulgarian embassy’s request to dedicate a crossroad in Washington to Dimitar Peshev sparked a fierce discussion, due to the fear of revisionists attempts to redefine Bulgaria's role in the Holocaust. Gabriele Nissim, Gariwo chairman and author of book L'uomo che fermò Hitler (the man who stopped Hitler) about Peshev, wrote a letter to DC Council Chairman Dr. Phil Mendelson.
This year's World Jewish Congress was held in Hungary to denounce a surge in far-right ideology and violence. A resolution demands stiffer penalties for anti-Semitic offenders and Neonazi militants.
A conference in Jerusalem returns to the role of Pope John XXIII who rescued Jews during the Holocaust. The founder of the International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation Baruch Tenenbaum talks about his battle to gain recognition for Roncalli. We propose an article published in the Jerusalem Post and the letter that Gariwo sent to the capital of Israel in order to honor this exemplary figure in the next European Day of the Righteous.
the genocide of Jews
In the framework of second world war (1939-1945) Europe witnessed the genocide of the Jewish people (1941-1945). The “final solution“, the extermination of six million Jews, was planned by Hitler who had come on power in Germany in 1933. Since the publication of Mein Kampf, Hitler had planned the nationalsocialist revolution based on a racist ideology.
In the memory of the Jewish people and in the verdict that closed the works of the International Military Court, 6,000,000 victims of the extermination are estimated. As a matter of facts, the most reliable scholars including Raul Hilberg estimate about 5,200,000 victims.