Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous

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Jewish Genocide

Georg Duckwitz and the “bias” of memory

Editorial by Martina Landi, Gariwo Editor

These days we are marking the anniversary of one of the greatest rescue deeds of World War Two, the rescue of the Danish Jews. Over the night between 1 and 2 October 1943, in fact, the Danish resistance movement, helped by a vast


The first Arab to become a Righteous

Mohamed Helmy, born in Khartoum in 1901, was a doctor in Berlin. Fired after the passing of the racial laws, he hid a Jewish girl, Anna Boros, and her family, in a hut he owned in the outskirts of Berlin.  


Racing to save lives

Yad Vashem's account of the rescue deeds performed by Italian road cyclist Gino Bartali, who brought into safety more than 800 Jews during the Nazi occupation. 


"We are all sons of the same God"

The legacy of Pope Roncalli and his "original solutions" to help the Jews as seen by father Ezio Bolis, director of the Fondazione Giovanni XXIII. 


The kid who jumped off the train to Auschwitz

Tale of Simon Gronowski, who besides the horror of Nazism knew the courage of the Belgian partisan and the cop from the same country Jan Aerts, who instead of putting him again on the train to the lager, put him on the "right" journey back to Brussels and to meet with his father. 


The struggle to have a Peshev Plaza in DC

 Interview with Washington City Council Member Neil Glick  who is fighting to name a Washington square after the Bulgarian Righteous Dimitar Peshev, the rescuer of 48,000 Jews in Bulgaria. 


Shoah

the genocide of Jews

In the framework of second world war (1939-1945) Europe witnessed the genocide of the Jewish people (1941-1945). The “final solution“, the extermination of six million Jews, was planned by Hitler who had come on power in Germany in 1933. Since the publication of Mein Kampf, Hitler had planned the nationalsocialist revolution based on a racist ideology.
In the memory of the Jewish people and in the verdict that closed the works of the International Military Court, 6,000,000 victims of the extermination are estimated. As a matter of facts, the most reliable scholars including Raul Hilberg estimate about 5,200,000 victims.

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