On 27 January, date of the liberation of the Auschwitz camp, the world commemorates Holocaust Remembrance Day. Like every year, many towns in Italy and abroad will hold numerous events to remember the victims of Nazism and the extermination of Jews.
“Adopt a Righteous” is the call launched by Gariwo, the forest of the Righteous for Holocaust Memorial Day 2015 through an event whose protagonists are the students of the Milanese and Lombard schools. Meeting “Adopting a Righteous”. A force for our future belongs to the teaching project of Gariwo to make young people aware of the values of solidarity, participation and personal responsibility.
Yair Auron is an Israeli historian, scholar and expert specializing on Holocaust and genocide studies. We interviewed him about the upcoming international conference “The Study of the Shoah and Genocide - 20th Commemoration of the Rwanda Genocide”, that will take place at the Open University on November 4-5.
We asked Baruch Tenembaum, the founder of the International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation, to tell us something about the Jewish community in Latin America and the growing of the antisemitism in several countries.
The tales of cycling champion Gino Bartali, cardinal Elia Della Costa, surgeon Giovanni Borromeo and many other Italians who during World War Two risked their lives to rescue the Jews are told in the movie My Italian Secret. The forgotten heroes which opened the Rome Film Festival on 16 October.
The book Eichmann Before Jerusalem (Ed. Alfred A. Knopf) by Bettina Stangneth appear to challenge Arendt's thesis of the "banality of evil", but this should not lead to deny the value of Arendt's challenge to Western thought.
the genocide of Jews
In the framework of second world war (1939-1945) Europe witnessed the genocide of the Jewish people (1941-1945). The “final solution“, the extermination of six million Jews, was planned by Hitler who had come on power in Germany in 1933. Since the publication of Mein Kampf, Hitler had planned the nationalsocialist revolution based on a racist ideology.
In the memory of the Jewish people and in the verdict that closed the works of the International Military Court, 6,000,000 victims of the extermination are estimated. As a matter of facts, the most reliable scholars including Raul Hilberg estimate about 5,200,000 victims.