International Criminal Courts
50 years after the trial the Holocaust Memorial of Jerusalem features the broadcasting of the court hearings where the "banality of evil" was judged. The trial to Adolf Eichmann is also on stage in Jerusalem and shown in a Paris exhibition lasting until 28 September.
The International Criminal Court for the former Yugoslavia based in The Hague issued a verdict for the murders of August 1995 in the Krajina area.
This verdict affects the politics of Croatia.
A Serbian court ruled the statute of limitations expired for 10 men who helped Ratko Mladic escape arrest. The war criminal in hiding has already been found guilty in The Hague of the Srebrenica slaughter, a massacre where 8,000 Muslims were murdered.
Thirty years after the end of the dictatorship comes the first landmark sentence for Kaing Guek Eav, the director of the S-21 camp where more than 12,000 people were killed. The defendant was condemned by the Extraordinary Chambers of the UN-backed Courts of Cambodia on accounts of murder, torture, rape and crimes against humanity.
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda has sentenced colonel Bagosora to life for masterminding the Hutu and Tutsi massacres of 1994. Two other two former high-ranking officers and ex President Habyarimana’s brother-in-law Zygiranyrazo have been convicted of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.
International criminal courts
an instrument to try the crimes against humanity
At the beginning of the Twentieth century already the winners of World War One had set up an "Allied Commission" in charge of studyjng the establishment of an "International court of criminal justice" to punish the crimes against "the laws of humanity", but the project had failed, crushed by the higher diplomatic demands.
The first significant experience of Supernational court, albeit military and not civil, is the one of the Nurenberg Court against the crimes perpetrated by the Nazis, set up by the powers who had won World War Two. A similar court with the same goals was set up in Tokyo.