Human rights and crimes against humanity
Nearly ten people were killed and over a thousand wounded among the demonstrators on Tahir square in Cairo. Nobel laureate El Baradei asks the world not to support "a government that kills its own citizens".
In 1944 the Communists helped topple the Antonescu government and a week later the Red Army moved into Rumania. In 1946 the Communist Party won the elections and in 1948 the new Constitution came into effect, guaranteeing freedom of expression exclusively to those authorized by the government.
Neda, a victim in Iran - as a woman and as a symbol of freedom
The Iranian theocratic dictatorship denies the funeral to the young girl shot by a sniper while demonstrating for civil rights in Teheran.
Often defined as "the voice of Africa" and an icon of the anti-apartheid fight, Miriam Makeba died today in Castel Volturno (Italy) soon after singing for the anticamorra writer Roberto Saviano.
Crimes of genocide and against the humankind
the denial of the individual's value
The first legal definition in the domain of mass persecution dates back to 1915 and concerns the massacres of the Armenian populations perpetrated by the Turks, which were followed by the trials of the perpetrators before the Martial Court. In the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 the Great Powers use the terms "crimes against civilization" and "crimes of lèse-humanity". In the aftermath of Second World War, face the Holocaust tragedy, the Military Tribunal of the Nurnberger Trials against Nazi officials started the proceeding by stating the crimes on which it was competent... On 9 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved the Convention for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide, which is considered as the most heinous crime against Humanity.