Human rights and crimes against humanity
On 15 July 2009 Natalia Estemirova was abducted and killed. She had reported human rights violations in Chechnya. One year after her death Memorial holds a press conference and appeals to the Russian government and the International community asking for nothing similar to ever occur again to the Chechnian colleagues.
The dissident director arrested in March has been freed on bail. He had begun a protest hunger strike some days ago. Over the past few weeks there had been worldwide calls for his release, including those of many Hollywood stars taking part into the Cannes festival, whose jury he had been invited to join.
Crackdown on Reynaldo Bignone, Jorge Rafael Videla and José Martinez de Hoz, among the guilty for the tragedy of desaparecidos. They are charged with tortures, murders and abductions, also of babies.
The Cuban dissident, arrested in 2003 over "insult to the figure of Fidel Castro", died at his 85th day of hunger strike against the abuses and tortures undergone. 25 people heading to his funerals have been arrested. Grief and indignation from the democratic Countries.
Many intellectuals and former political prisoners addressed an open letter to the European leaders in which they underlined that in Russia no freedom of expression is provided and asked the European leaders to "take a stand for freedom of speech".
Nearly ten people were killed and over a thousand wounded among the demonstrators on Tahir square in Cairo. Nobel laureate El Baradei asks the world not to support "a government that kills its own citizens".
Crimes of genocide and against the humankind
the denial of the individual's value
The first legal definition in the domain of mass persecution dates back to 1915 and concerns the massacres of the Armenian populations perpetrated by the Turks, which were followed by the trials of the perpetrators before the Martial Court. In the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 the Great Powers use the terms "crimes against civilization" and "crimes of lèse-humanity". In the aftermath of Second World War, face the Holocaust tragedy, the Military Tribunal of the Nurnberger Trials against Nazi officials started the proceeding by stating the crimes on which it was competent... On 9 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved the Convention for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide, which is considered as the most heinous crime against Humanity.