Human rights and crimes against humanity
In Turkey the attempt to meld democracy and Islam failed since Turks were not ready to deepen democracy and Europe gave no support to face Erdoğan's authoritarian turn. But the problem is to cut the linkage between religion and State, Turkish political analyst Cengiz Aktar, guest at Internazionale a Ferrara Festival, said.
For the first time, the International Criminal Court has issued a verdict on the crime of disruption of the cultural heritage. Ahmad al-Mahdi, member of a Jihadist group tied to Al Qaed in Mali, was in facts sentenced to 9 years in jail for destroying the sanctuaries of Timbuctu during the conflict begun in 2012.
Diyarbakir Bar Association, an institution struggling for human rights in Turkey, and Theresa Kachindamoto, a tribe chief from Malawi fighting against child marriages and for children's right to education, won the International Hrant Dink Award 2016.
The way out of the chaos is not the state of emergency but more democracy, says HDP Co-Chair Selahattin Demirtaş, highlighting that, already before the coup attempt, freedom and rights were restricted by an authoritarian one-man-rule, on power thanks to a 'civilian' coup against democratic opposition, independent media, Kurdish citizens.
"We demand Europe not to be silent in the face of the assaults of Erdogan's regime against the democratic forces. You must support us, because in Turkey the press is reduced to silence". This is the call of Figen Yüksekdağ, feminist and socialist activist, and co-president of HDP.
with Cumhuriyet daily under hard pressure, the only remaining independent tools for free expression are social media, especially Twitter, the Internet and the Kurdish media, like DIHA news-agency, says political analyst Cengiz Aktar, after the constitutional amendment scrapping immunity of MPs with legal proceedings.
Crimes of genocide and against the humankind
the denial of the individual's value
The first legal definition in the domain of mass persecution dates back to 1915 and concerns the massacres of the Armenian populations perpetrated by the Turks, which were followed by the trials of the perpetrators before the Martial Court. In the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 the Great Powers use the terms "crimes against civilization" and "crimes of lèse-humanity". In the aftermath of Second World War, face the Holocaust tragedy, the Military Tribunal of the Nurnberger Trials against Nazi officials started the proceeding by stating the crimes on which it was competent... On 9 December 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously approved the Convention for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide, which is considered as the most heinous crime against Humanity.