Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous

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GULag

The Italians as victims of Red Terror - joint work of Gariwo and the Centre for Recovered Names

Centre for Recovered Names in St. Petersburg and Gardens of the Righteous Worldwide Committee will reconstruct the stories of the Italian citizens who lost their lives in Russian prisons and GULags.

Lecture by Journalist Francesco Bigazzi


EU says no to crime of denial - regarding Stalinist massacres

The European Commission rejected a request put forward by six governments to prohibit and pursue all over the EU territory the denial of Stalinist crimes exactly as it happens about the Holocaust. Conflict between Russia and the Baltic States. Harsh debate also between historians.


Nobel Prize, empty chair for Liu Xiaobo - and the winners who did not receive the award

The world is to celebrate the delivery of the Peace Nobel Prize. The winner, Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo, is in jail and nobody will receive the award on his behalf: an empty chair will be left for him. It has already occurred that the Nobel Peace Prize was not awarded and some of the winners did not take part in the Oslo ceremony.


Tien An Men's Mother Courage arrested - the denounciation of Liu Xiaobo's wife

Ding Zilin, the Courage Mother of 1989, was arrested. She had recently declared: "The condemnation of Liu Xiaobo marked the beginning of the moral collapse of the Communist regime, but after the Prize we know the process is irreversible". The Nobel Prize laureate's wife invited the international community via Twitter to keep focused on the woman's fate. Interview inside.


Moral Resistance to totalitarianism - at the Meeting of Rimini

In its 2010 edition the Meeting of Rimini featured many events concerning figures of moral resistance to Soviet totalitarianism.



The Memories of the GULag seized - at the "Memorial" research center

"Memorial" is an association established in Moscow after the USSR collapse, whose coworkers are a group of historians studying the years of Soviet Terror and exerting tremendous efforts to recover the materials documenting the political repression. Officially, the operation was caused by the alleged "Memorial" funding of the opposition newspaper “Novyj Peterburg”.

Update
The end of the "Memorial case".
On 6th May all material was given back to the Research Center in its perfectly complete form.


GULag

the Soviet labour camps

GULag is the acronym, introduced in 1930, of Gosudarstvennyj Upravlenje Lagerej (General Direction of the lagers).
In 1918, with the beginning of civil war, the Soviet system created a broad network of concentration camps for the political opponents of the newly created Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics (the USSR). In 1919 the Soviets created the forced labour division. Forced labour was designed to socially redeem the detainees according to the very Soviet constitution. Besides the economic and punishment function, some lagers also worked in order to murder the deportees.

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Varlam Shalamov

anti-stalinist poet who published the tale of his imprisonment in Siberia.