Gariwo: the gardens of the Righteous

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GULag

The discriminated

Sarah Fainberg's book about the fate of the Jews in Stalinism explores how a system officially aimed at countering inequality and promoting friendship among the peoples, instead crushed some minorities while promoting others. 


Liu Xiaobo Appeals for Retrial

The Nobel Prize winner sentenced to 11 years for "acts of subversion" argues that he was simply exercising hi freedom of expression. The repression of his dignity is a symbol of the struggle against the communist regime that believes it is able to manipulate economic variables for its pleasure in order to maintain power.


Voices from the laogai

An Oregon consumer found a SOS message from China in a box of Halloween decorations. The message from a factory worker described the dire conditions and forced labor which takes place in the Chinese laogais system and asked the western consumer to resend the message to the World Human Right's Organization.


Fourth June Elegies

Every year Nobel Peace laureate Liu Xiaobo, imprisioned  for his pro-democratic activism, has written a poem in honour of the victims of The June 4th 1989 student demonstrations in Tiananmen square. 


Nearly a gulag: the fate of the Pussy Riot

Sent far away from home, in the labour camps that hosted the Soviet dissidents. Nowadays conditions would have improved, with "non physical labour, limited to 8 hours a day and modestly rewarded", but Nadezhda Tolokonnikova and Maria Alekhina are risking the violation of their basic human rights all the same.    


Hell's doors are closed

The closure of Camp 22, the detention centre for political criminal that in 2002 became popular for tortures and massacres told by the survivors. Forced abortion, violence, gas chambers and scientific experiments on the detainees. Now 50.000 prisoners on Camp 22 are in other camps. It's a sign of change in North Korea?


GULag

the Soviet labour camps

GULag is the acronym, introduced in 1930, of Gosudarstvennyj Upravlenje Lagerej (General Direction of the lagers).
In 1918, with the beginning of civil war, the Soviet system created a broad network of concentration camps for the political opponents of the newly created Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics (the USSR). In 1919 the Soviets created the forced labour division. Forced labour was designed to socially redeem the detainees according to the very Soviet constitution. Besides the economic and punishment function, some lagers also worked in order to murder the deportees.

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Anatoly Marchenko

was a Soviet dissident, author, and human rights campaigner